Unequal before the Law: Measuring Legal Gender Disparities across the World Iqbal, Sarah Islam, Asif Ramalho, Rita Sakhonchik, Alena 2016-09-12T22:16:46Z 2016-09-12T22:16:46Z 2016-08
dc.description.abstract Several economies have laws that treat women differently from men. This study explores the degree of such legal gender disparities across 167 economies around the world. This is achieved by constructing a simple measure of legal gender disparities to evaluate how countries perform. The average number of overall legal gender disparities across 167 economies is 17, ranging from a minimum of 2 to a maximum of 44. The maximum possible legal gender disparities is 71. The measure is found to be correlated with other measures of gender inequality, implying the measure does capture gender inequality while also differing from preexisting measures of gender inequality. A high degree of legal gender disparities is found to be negatively associated with a wide range of outcomes, including years of education of women relative to men, labor force participation rates of women relative to men, proportion of women top managers, proportion of women in parliament, percentage of women that borrowed from a financial institution relative to men, and child mortality rates. Subcategories within the legal disparities measure help to uncover specific types of legal disparities across economies. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7803
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject gender inequality
dc.subject legal institutions
dc.subject women entrepreneurs
dc.title Unequal before the Law en
dc.title.subtitle Measuring Legal Gender Disparities across the World en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crossref.title Unequal before the Law: Measuring Legal Gender Disparities across the World 2016-08-23
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-7803
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b084510800_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 26722425 WPS7803
okr.imported true
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl en
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic Law and Development :: Law and Gender
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.unit Global Indicators Group, Development Economics
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a811f38c-2de2-5ccd-907b-8c99fc4a5039
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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