Cognitive Skills and Youth Labor Market Outcomes Lee, Jean N. Newhouse, David 2013-01-16T21:51:34Z 2013-01-16T21:51:34Z 2012-10
dc.description.abstract This paper provides new cross-country evidence on the impact of cognitive skills, as measured by international achievement tests, on subsequent youth employment outcomes. In our initial analysis, we find that high average scores are strongly associated with increases in school enrollment and large reductions in the incidence of unemployment, with slightly stronger effects for women. Higher scores also correlate with a larger share of youth employed in wage and salaried jobs, outside of agriculture, and to some extent in higher status occupations, but these findings are less robust. Conditional on average test scores, greater within-cohort dispersion lead to reduced school attendance and increased employment at young ages, perhaps reflecting the less precise signal value of further formal educational attainment in the presence of large quality differences. In specifications including both educational attainment and measured test scores, test scores have stronger effects on unemployment, but attainment is also strongly predictive of employment and some measures of job quality. We conclude that while increasing education quality can play a central role in improving youth employment outcomes, increasing attainment remains an important and complementary objective to foster the creation of better jobs for youth. However, preliminary extensions to the existing analysis using data from additional countries and years suggest much more important effects of test scores on measures of job quality, such as wage and non-agricultural employment, than on employment, enrollment, unemployment, or labor force participation. en
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Background Paper for the World Development Report 2013;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject Labor
dc.subject Social Development
dc.subject Education
dc.title Cognitive Skills and Youth Labor Market Outcomes en
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.globalpractice Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice Education
okr.globalpractice Social Protection and Labor
okr.language.supported en
okr.topic Education
okr.topic Social Development
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor
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