Publication:
Tertiary Education in Mongolia : Meeting the Challenges of the Global Economy

dc.contributor.authorWorld Bank
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-19T21:03:28Z
dc.date.available2014-08-19T21:03:28Z
dc.date.issued2010-09
dc.description.abstractSince the transition from a planned economy to a market-based democracy in the early 1990s, Mongolian higher education has experienced a marked expansion. Between 1992 and 2007, the number of tertiary education institution (TEIs) has increased more than four-fold and enrollment more than six-fold, with the gross enrollment ratio growing from 14 to 47 percent. This rapid growth has been fueled by the increased demand for higher skills in the labor market and has led to rising education premia. These trends, in turn, have stimulated increased household demand for tertiary education. In the early 1990s, the liberalization of the economy and the legalization of private higher education made it possible to increase the supply of tertiary education. However, this expansion in supply has been met with the charging of tuition fees in public universities and the growth of private institutions. As a result, public expenditure on higher education has been contained to about 14 percent of total expenditure, compared with over 20 percent in China. Although this policy has met the need for an increased supply of tertiary education, it has failed to produce graduates who can improve Mongolia's international competitiveness. The emerging problems are low-cost and low-quality education, a mismatch between the demand for and supply of skills, and inequitable opportunities of access between the urban and rural areas and between the rich and the poor.en
dc.identifierhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/09/15542843/tertiary-education-mongolia-meeting-challenges-global-economy-policy-note
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/19470
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWashington, DC
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subjectEDUCATION EXPANSION
dc.subjectENROLLMENT
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD DEMAND
dc.subjectINEQUITY
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET
dc.subjectPRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
dc.subjectPUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subjectTERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subjectTUITION
dc.titleTertiary Education in Mongolia : Meeting the Challenges of the Global Economyen
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionareaGender
okr.date.disclosure2011-12-09
okr.doctypeEconomic & Sector Work::Policy Note
okr.doctypeEconomic & Sector Work
okr.docurlhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/09/15542843/tertiary-education-mongolia-meeting-challenges-global-economy-policy-note
okr.globalpracticeEducation
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum000333037_20111211222554
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum15542843
okr.identifier.report52925
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/12/11/000333037_20111211222554/Rendered/PDF/529250SR0WHITE0737B0Mongolia0policy.pdfen
okr.region.administrativeEast Asia and Pacific
okr.region.countryMongolia
okr.sectorEducation
okr.sectorEducation :: Tertiary education
okr.sectorEducation :: Vocational training
okr.themeHuman development :: Education for the knowledge economy
okr.topicGender::Gender and Education
okr.topicTertiary Education
okr.topicAccess and Equity in Basic Education
okr.topicTeaching and Learning
okr.topicEducation::Primary Education
okr.unitHuman Development Sector Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region
okr.volume1 of 1
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