Publication:
Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture

dc.contributor.authorScholz, Sebastian M.
dc.contributor.authorSembres, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Kelli
dc.contributor.authorWhitman, Thea
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Kelpie
dc.contributor.authorLehmann, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
dc.date.available2014-06-26T16:04:38Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-23
dc.description.abstractBiochar is the carbon-rich organic matter that remains after heating biomass under the minimization of oxygen during a process called pyrolysis. There are a number of reasons why biochar systems may be particularly relevant in developing-country contexts. This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Its aim is to provide a state-of-the-art overview of current knowledge regarding biochar science. In that sense the report also offers a reconciling view on different scientific opinions about biochar providing an overall account that shows the various perspectives of its science and application. This includes soil and agricultural impacts of biochar, climate change impacts, social impacts, and competing uses of biomass. The report aims to contextualize the current scientific knowledge in order to put it at use to address the development climate change nexus, including social and environmental sustainability. The report is organized as follows: chapter one offers some introductory comments and notes the increasing interest in biochar both from a scientific and practitioner's point of view; chapter two gives further background on biochar, describing its characteristics and outlining the way in which biochar systems function. Chapter three considers the opportunities and risks of biochar systems. Based on the results of the surveys undertaken, chapter four presents a typology of biochar systems emerging in practice, particularly in the developing world. Life-cycle assessments of the net climate change impact and the net economic profitability of three biochar systems with data collected from relatively advanced biochar projects were conducted and are presented in chapter five. Chapter six investigates various aspects of technology adoption, including barriers to implementing promising systems, focusing on economics, carbon market access, and sociocultural barriers. Finally, the status of knowledge regarding biochar systems is interpreted in chapter seven to determine potential implications for future involvement in biochar research, policy, and project formulation.en
dc.identifierhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705161/biochar-systems-smallholders-developing-countries-leveraging-current-knowledge-exploring-future-potential-climate-smart-agriculture
dc.identifier.isbn978-0-8213-9525-7
dc.identifier.other10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/18781
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWashington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorld Bank Study;
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectACCESS TO ENERGY
dc.subjectACID
dc.subjectACIDIC SOILS
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL WASTE
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL WASTES
dc.subjectAIR
dc.subjectAIR EMISSIONS
dc.subjectAIR POLLUTION
dc.subjectAIR QUALITY
dc.subjectALLOCATION
dc.subjectALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS
dc.subjectALTERNATIVE USES
dc.subjectANION EXCHANGE
dc.subjectAPPROACH
dc.subjectASH
dc.subjectASH CONTENT
dc.subjectATMOSPHERE
dc.subjectATMOSPHERIC CARBON
dc.subjectATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subjectATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subjectATMOSPHERIC GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subjectAVAILABILITY
dc.subjectBALANCE
dc.subjectBARRIERS TO ADOPTION
dc.subjectBASIC
dc.subjectBIO-OIL
dc.subjectBIOMASS
dc.subjectBIOMASS AVAILABILITY
dc.subjectBIOMASS CARBON
dc.subjectBIOMASS ENERGY
dc.subjectBIOMASS FEEDSTOCK
dc.subjectBIOMASS RESIDUES
dc.subjectBIOMASS SOURCE
dc.subjectBIOMASS USE
dc.subjectBLACK CARBON
dc.subjectBLACK CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subjectBUILDING MATERIALS
dc.subjectBUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO
dc.subjectCALCULATION
dc.subjectCAPITAL COST
dc.subjectCARBON
dc.subjectCARBON ACCUMULATION
dc.subjectCARBON CONTENT
dc.subjectCARBON CREDITS
dc.subjectCARBON DECOMPOSITION
dc.subjectCARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subjectCARBON DYNAMICS
dc.subjectCARBON FINANCE
dc.subjectCARBON MARKET
dc.subjectCARBON MARKETS
dc.subjectCARBON OFFSET
dc.subjectCARBON RATIO
dc.subjectCARBON SEQUESTRATION
dc.subjectCARBON STORAGE
dc.subjectCARBONIZATION
dc.subjectCELLULOSE
dc.subjectCH4
dc.subjectCHANGES IN DEMAND
dc.subjectCHANGES IN LAND USE
dc.subjectCHEMICAL COMPOSITION
dc.subjectCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
dc.subjectCHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY
dc.subjectCLEAN AIR
dc.subjectCLIMATE
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
dc.subjectCLIMATE EFFECTS
dc.subjectCLIMATE RESILIENCE
dc.subjectCLIMATES
dc.subjectCLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subjectCO
dc.subjectCO2
dc.subjectCOAL
dc.subjectCOLORS
dc.subjectCOMBUSTION
dc.subjectCOMPONENTS
dc.subjectCONVERSION EFFICIENCY
dc.subjectCROP RESIDUES
dc.subjectDEFORESTATION
dc.subjectDEFORESTATION PRESSURES
dc.subjectDESERTIFICATION
dc.subjectDIESEL
dc.subjectDROUGHT
dc.subjectDUST
dc.subjectE-MAIL
dc.subjectECONOMIC BENEFITS
dc.subjectECONOMIC COSTS
dc.subjectECONOMIC IMPACT
dc.subjectECONOMIC IMPACTS
dc.subjectECONOMIC RESOURCES
dc.subjectECONOMIC SYSTEMS
dc.subjectECOSYSTEM
dc.subjectECOSYSTEMS
dc.subjectELECTRICITY
dc.subjectEMISSION
dc.subjectEMISSION ANALYSIS
dc.subjectEMISSION REDUCTION
dc.subjectEMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subjectEMISSIONS
dc.subjectEMISSIONS DATA
dc.subjectEMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION
dc.subjectEMISSIONS OF METHANE
dc.subjectENERGY CROPS
dc.subjectENERGY NEEDS
dc.subjectENERGY PRODUCTION
dc.subjectENERGY SOURCE
dc.subjectENERGY STRATEGIES
dc.subjectENERGY SYSTEMS
dc.subjectENERGY USE
dc.subjectENGINEERING
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subjectFAST PYROLYSIS
dc.subjectFEASIBILITY
dc.subjectFEEDSTOCK
dc.subjectFEEDSTOCK SOURCE
dc.subjectFEEDSTOCKS
dc.subjectFERTILIZERS
dc.subjectFIRE EMISSIONS
dc.subjectFOREST
dc.subjectFOREST DEGRADATION
dc.subjectFOREST POLICY
dc.subjectFOREST SCIENCE
dc.subjectFORESTRY
dc.subjectFORESTS
dc.subjectFOSSIL
dc.subjectFOSSIL FUEL
dc.subjectFOSSIL FUELS
dc.subjectFUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subjectFUEL USE
dc.subjectGAS PRODUCTION
dc.subjectGASIFICATION
dc.subjectGASIFICATION SYSTEMS
dc.subjectGASIFIER
dc.subjectGENERATION
dc.subjectGHG
dc.subjectGHGS
dc.subjectGLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subjectGLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subjectGLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
dc.subjectGLOBAL WARMING
dc.subjectGREENHOUSE
dc.subjectGREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subjectGREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subjectHEAT
dc.subjectHEMICELLULOSE
dc.subjectHIGH SILICA CONTENT
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD COOKING
dc.subjectHUMAN HEALTH
dc.subjectIMAGES
dc.subjectINCOME
dc.subjectINNOVATIVE FINANCING
dc.subjectIPCC
dc.subjectLAND FOR AGRICULTURE
dc.subjectLAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subjectLAND USE
dc.subjectLAND USE CHANGE
dc.subjectLANDFILL
dc.subjectLANDFILLS
dc.subjectLEACHING
dc.subjectLIGNIN
dc.subjectLIQUEFACTION
dc.subjectMANURE
dc.subjectMECHANICAL ENGINEERING
dc.subjectMETHANE
dc.subjectMETHANE EMISSIONS
dc.subjectMITIGATION EFFECT
dc.subjectMITIGATION POTENTIAL
dc.subjectMOISTURE CONTENT
dc.subjectMONETARY VALUE
dc.subjectN2O
dc.subjectNATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subjectNEW TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subjectNITROGEN
dc.subjectNITROUS OXIDE
dc.subjectNITROUS OXIDE EMISSIONS
dc.subjectNONMETHANE HYDROCARBONS
dc.subjectNUTRIENT LOSS
dc.subjectNUTRIENT RECYCLING
dc.subjectNUTRIENTS
dc.subjectOFFSET PAYMENTS
dc.subjectOIL PRODUCTION
dc.subjectOILS
dc.subjectOPEN DUMPS
dc.subjectORGANIC CARBON
dc.subjectORGANIC COMPOUND
dc.subjectORGANIC MATERIALS
dc.subjectORGANIC MATTER
dc.subjectORGANIC MATTER CONTENT
dc.subjectOXYGEN
dc.subjectPAH
dc.subjectPAPER PRODUCTS
dc.subjectPARTICULATE
dc.subjectPARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subjectPH
dc.subjectPHOSPHORUS
dc.subjectPILOT PROJECTS
dc.subjectPLANT GROWTH
dc.subjectPOLLUTANTS
dc.subjectPOTASSIUM
dc.subjectPOWER COMPANY
dc.subjectPRIMARY FEEDSTOCK
dc.subjectPUBLISHING
dc.subjectPYROLYSIS
dc.subjectRENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subjectRENEWABLE ENERGY APPLICATIONS
dc.subjectRESERVOIRS
dc.subjectSCENARIOS
dc.subjectSILICA
dc.subjectSOIL CARBON
dc.subjectSOLAR POWER
dc.subjectSUBSISTENCE FARMERS
dc.subjectSULFUR
dc.subjectSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectTECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
dc.subjectTEMPERATURE
dc.subjectTRADITIONAL BIOMASS
dc.subjectTROPICS
dc.subjectUNCERTAINTIES
dc.subjectUNEP
dc.subjectWMO
dc.subjectWOOD RESIDUES
dc.subjectWOODY BIOMASS
dc.titleBiochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries : Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agricultureen
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionareaJobs
okr.crosscuttingsolutionareaClimate Change
okr.date.disclosure2014-06-23
okr.doctypePublications & Research::Publication
okr.docurlhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705161/biochar-systems-smallholders-developing-countries-leveraging-current-knowledge-exploring-future-potential-climate-smart-agriculture
okr.globalpracticeMacroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpracticeEnvironment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpracticeTrade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpracticeEnergy and Extractives
okr.identifier.doi10.1596/978-0-8213-9525-7
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum000442464_20140623142625
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum19705161
okr.identifier.report88888
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/23/000442464_20140623142625/Rendered/PDF/888880PUB0Box30lso0784070June122014.pdfen
okr.peerreviewAcademic Peer Review
okr.region.administrativeLatin America & Caribbean
okr.region.countryKenya
okr.region.countrySenegal
okr.region.countryViet Nam
okr.sectorAgriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Agricultural extension and research
okr.sectorAgriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Crops
okr.sectorAgriculture, fishing, and forestry :: General agriculture, fishing and forestry sector
okr.sectorEnergy and mining :: Renewable energy
okr.sectorWater, sanitation and flood protection :: Solid waste management
okr.themeRural development :: Rural non-farm income generation
okr.themeRural development :: Global food crisis response
okr.themeEnvironment and natural resources management :: Biodiversity
okr.themeEnvironment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.themeEnvironment and natural resources management :: Pollution management and environmental health
okr.topicEnvironment::Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topicMacroeconomics and Economic Growth::Climate Change Economics
okr.topicTechnology Industry
okr.topicEnergy::Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topicEnergy::Energy and Environment
okr.topicIndustry
okr.unitEnvironment (LCSEN)
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