Publication: Office du Niger : Ensuring Food Security for Mali
Located in the heart of Mali, the Office du Niger (ON) is one of the oldest and largest irrigation schemes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The French, who began the scheme in 1932, planned on developing about 1,000,000 hectares over a period of 50 years. The original objectives were to: 1) supply the French textile industry with a large share of its needs in cotton; and 2) significantly contribute to food security for the whole Sahelian region of the French Empire with a modern and commercial rice production system. In short, the ON had drained huge public resources with little result. From the mid-1970s, the ON focused sharply on developing the area into a major national and regional rice-producing resource.
“Aw, Dibril; Dejou, Chantel. 1996. Office du Niger : Ensuring Food Security for Mali. Africa Region Findings & Good Practice Infobriefs; No. 61. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/entities/publication/51b27396-6619-5197-95c8-53724a70934a License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”