Publication: Can Targeted Assistance Help the Very Poor?
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Policymakers often struggle to promote improvements in the well-being of the poorest individuals and families. The challenges are many. People living in extreme poverty frequently have multiple needs that require a range of services. They also may face special psychological and social challenges that can make it difficult for them to connect with and benefit from social assistance programs. Governments that want to assist this most vulnerable group need to engage the participants, deliver the mix of services that works best for each family, and know what incentives help people successfully utilize available programs. At the World Bank, committed to helping countries eradicate extreme poverty and alleviate hunger, the first of the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals. To help policymakers and development experts design programs that successfully address the range of problems that keep people poor, the World Bank supported an evaluation of Chile's targeted extreme poverty reduction program, Chile Solidario. The program, which twins regular visits from social workers with a reorganization of programs to increase access, make them more relevant to the needs of poor households, and better meet demand, has resulted in increased take-up of subsidies for the indigent. It also has raised enrollment in housing and employment programs, among other services.
“World Bank. 2011. Can Targeted Assistance Help the Very Poor?. From Evidence to Policy; No. 7. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/entities/publication/32efb4f5-e706-5ce7-a8f3-92ee16dd8a38 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
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