Citizen Engagement in Rulemaking: Evidence on Regulatory Practices in 185 Countries Johns, Melissa Saltane, Valentina 2016-10-13T20:46:51Z 2016-10-13T20:46:51Z 2016-09
dc.description.abstract This paper presents a new database of indicators measuring the extent to which rulemaking processes are transparent and participatory across 185 countries. The data look at how citizen engagement happens in practice, including when and how governments open the policy-making process to public input. The data also capture the use of ex ante assessments to determine the possible cost of compliance with a proposed new regulation, the likely administrative burden of enforcing the regulation, and its potential environmental and social impacts. The data show that citizens have more opportunities to participate directly in the rulemaking process in developed economies than in developing ones. Differences are also apparent among regions: rulemaking processes are significantly less transparent and inclusive in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia on average than in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development high-income countries, Europe and Central Asia, and East Asia and the Pacific. In addition, ex ante impact assessments are much more common among higher-income economies than among lower-income ones. And greater citizen engagement in rulemaking is associated with higher-quality regulation, stronger democratic regimes, and less corrupt institutions. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7840
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject regulatory governance
dc.subject consultation
dc.subject notice and comment
dc.subject regulatory transparency
dc.subject impact assessments
dc.subject inclusive law making
dc.subject citizen engagement
dc.title Citizen Engagement in Rulemaking en
dc.title.subtitle Evidence on Regulatory Practices in 185 Countries en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crossref.title Citizen Engagement in Rulemaking – Evidence on Regulatory Practices in 185 Countries 2016-09-28
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-7840
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b0845d602b_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 26822009 WPS7840
okr.imported true
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl en
okr.topic Social Development :: Participations and Civic Engagement
okr.topic Communities and Human Settlements :: Community Driven Development
okr.topic Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Regulation
okr.topic Social Development :: Civil Society
okr.topic Social Development :: Community Development and Empowerment
okr.topic Social Development :: Social Inclusion & Institutions
okr.topic Governance :: Local Government
okr.unit Global Indicators Group, Development Economics
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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