Publication:
Women’s Police Stations and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Brazil

dc.contributor.author Perova, Elizaveta
dc.contributor.author Reynolds, Sarah
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-18T21:18:41Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-18T21:18:41Z
dc.date.issued 2015-11
dc.description.abstract Although women’s police centers have been gaining popularity as a measure to address domestic violence, to date no quantitative evaluations of their impacts on the incidence of domestic violence or any other manifestations of gender equality have been done. This paper estimates the effects of women’s police stations in Brazil on female homicides, as a measure of the most severe form of domestic violence. Given that a high fraction of female deaths among women ages 15 to 49 years can be attributed to aggression by an intimate partner, female homicides appear the best available proxy for severe domestic violence considering the scarcity of data on domestic violence. The paper uses a panel of 2,074 municipalities and takes advantage of the gradual rollout of women’s police stations from 2004 to 2009, to estimate the effect of establishing a women’s police station on the municipal female homicide rate. Although the analysis does not find an association on average, women’s police stations appear to be highly effective among some groups of women: women living in metropolitan areas and younger women. Establishing a women’s police station in a metropolitan municipality is associated with a reduction in the homicide rate by 1.23 deaths per 100,000 women (which roughly amounts to a 17 percent reduction in the average homicide rate in metropolitan municipalities). The reduction in the homicide rate of women ages 15 to 24 is even higher: 5.57 deaths per 100,000 women. Qualitative work suggests that better economic opportunities and less traditional social norms in metropolitan areas may explain the heterogeneous impacts of women’s police stations in metropolitan areas and outside them. en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/11/25470471/women’s-police-stations-domestic-violence-evidence-brazil
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23461
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7497
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject CIVIL CONFLICT
dc.subject SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject POLICY GOALS
dc.subject POLICY CONCERN
dc.subject COURT
dc.subject HOUSE
dc.subject SHADOW REPORT
dc.subject ABUSE
dc.subject DOMESTIC PARTNER
dc.subject DEATHS
dc.subject ACTS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject LAWS
dc.subject PARTNER
dc.subject EXPERIENCE OF ABUSE
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject SERVICES
dc.subject DRUGS
dc.subject DEATH
dc.subject INTIMATE PARTNER
dc.subject FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject HEALTH
dc.subject POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject AUTONOMY OF WOMEN
dc.subject HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
dc.subject NATIONAL PRIORITY
dc.subject NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject WILL
dc.subject BATTERED WOMEN
dc.subject HOSPITAL
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject HOME
dc.subject HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject COURTS
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject SOCIAL IMPACT
dc.subject GENDER GAP
dc.subject DISEASES
dc.subject VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
dc.subject YOUNG AGE AT MARRIAGE
dc.subject GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION
dc.subject FEMALE VICTIM
dc.subject JUDGE
dc.subject RAPE
dc.subject MARRIAGES
dc.subject ADOPTION
dc.subject VIOLENCE
dc.subject PARTNER RELATIONSHIPS
dc.subject MALE
dc.subject LEGISLATION
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
dc.subject MARRIAGE
dc.subject FAMILY HOME
dc.subject RESIDENCE
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
dc.subject AGE AT MARRIAGE
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject FORMS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject RESPECT
dc.subject POLICE OFFICERS
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject YOUNGER WOMEN
dc.subject SEXUAL ABUSE
dc.subject DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
dc.subject ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject ACCESS TO JUSTICE
dc.subject POLICE FORCE
dc.subject YOUNG AGE
dc.subject POLICIES
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject SCHOOLS
dc.subject WOMAN
dc.subject FAMILY
dc.subject PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT
dc.subject AGE
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject CRIMES
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject DIVORCE
dc.subject POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject VICTIMS
dc.subject POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject VICTIM
dc.subject FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject POPULATIONS
dc.subject MOTHER
dc.subject QUALITY CONTROL
dc.subject POLICY
dc.subject OLDER WOMEN
dc.subject WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS
dc.subject HUSBANDS
dc.subject HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject JUSTICE
dc.subject SEX
dc.subject HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject DOMESTIC ABUSE
dc.subject CHILDREN
dc.subject FEMALES
dc.subject HUSBAND
dc.subject WAR
dc.subject FATHER
dc.subject ACCIDENTS
dc.subject EQUALITY
dc.subject NATIONAL PLAN
dc.subject VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject PARTNERS
dc.subject YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject NATIONAL POLICY
dc.subject POPULATION
dc.subject LAW
dc.subject INTIMATE PARTNERS
dc.subject HOUSES
dc.subject URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject WOMEN
dc.subject INHERITANCE
dc.subject SEXUAL VIOLENCE
dc.subject IMPORTANT POLICY
dc.subject FEMALE
dc.subject WIFE
dc.subject IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION
dc.subject GENDER EQUALITY
dc.subject SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.title Women’s Police Stations and Domestic Violence en
dc.title.subtitle Evidence from Brazil en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.date.disclosure 2015-11-17
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/11/25470471/women’s-police-stations-domestic-violence-evidence-brazil
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-7497
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b0831c155a_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 25470471
okr.identifier.report WPS7497
okr.imported true
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/11/17/090224b0831c155a/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Women0s0police0evidence0from0Brazil.pdf en
okr.region.country Brazil
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic Law and Development :: Law Enforcement Systems
okr.unit Poverty Global Practice Group
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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