Mills, Bradford Franklin

Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech
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Economic development, Africa
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Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech
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Last updated: January 31, 2023
Bradford Mills is a Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at Virginia Tech.  He has a PhD from the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Mills has extensive international development experience, having worked as a long-term resident technical advisor in government institutes and international research centers in The Gambia, Guinea, and Kenya, The Netherlands, and Germany.  His research focuses on how social assistance programs, education, and new technologies impact household economic well-being and market outcomes both in the U.S. and in low income countries.  He has published over 50 journal articles and books. 

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  • Publication
    Why Has Poverty Increased in Zimbabwe?
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2002-03) Alwang, Jeffrey; Mills, Bradford F.; Taruvinga, Nelson
    Poverty in Zimbabwe increased significantly during the 1990s, and it increased in all sectors of the economy. In the middle of the decade, more than 60 percent of Zimbabwean households fell below the national poverty line. There are competing reasons for this: some say it was the result of the government instituting the Economic Structural Adjustment Program (ESAP), and others say that ESAP's effectiveness was hampered by recurring drought. This document sheds light on the sources of the increase in Zimbabwean poverty, with the use of non-parametric, and parametric statistical methods. These techniques support the conclusion that the drought, though harmful, does not entirely explain the increase in poverty. The deteriorating economic environment, reducing the returns to both human, and physical assets, also had profound effects on household well-being. What are the prospects for improvement in the near future? Only serious structural changes to the economy can create labor market conditions, conducive to long-term, broad-based growth.