Baris, Enis

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Last updated: January 31, 2023
Dr. Enis Barış is Professor of Practice at the School of Population and Global Health, Mc Gill University, Montreal, Canada, and President of GluonMed, Global Health Consultancy based in DC. Dr. Barış has been serving as a Senior Advisor to the World Bank, the New Development Bank (NDB) and The Global Fund, subsequent to his retirement from the World Bank after two decades of service, most recently as Advisor to the HNP Global Director, and HNP Practice Manager in MENA, ECA and East Asia and the Pacific Regions. He also worked in the past as Director of Country Health Systems at the European Regional office (EURO) of the World Health Organization and as Senior Advisor for Health at the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada. He also held positions as Adjunct Professor of Health Policy at the University of Montreal and the Duke Global Health Institute. Dr. Barış holds a Medical degree (MD) from Turkey, and Masters (M.Sc.) and Doctoral (Ph.D) degrees from the Université de Montréal, Canada. He is the author/co-author of seven books, as well as over 50 peer-reviewed research papers and book chapters, pertaining the comparative health systems, health and healthcare policy, health and environment and disease control programs.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    Responding to HIV/AIDS in the East Asia and Pacific Region : A Strategy Note for the World Bank
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2003-12) Borowitz, Michael; Wiley, Elizabeth; Saadah, Fadia; Baris, Enis
    With almost half the world's population, Asia will determine the future of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper outlines a strategic direction for the World Bank in its multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS in the East Asian and Pacific region in light of this challenge. There is a significant risk of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic in the region. Governments, civil society, and other partners are key players in this response. However, with new methods of funding, issues of capacity, and an evolving epidemic, responses must take into account five key challenges: political commitment and multi-sectoral support; public health surveillance and monitoring and evaluation; prevention; care, treatment and support; and health services delivery. This paper identifies options for how the World Bank, in close partnership with government, civil society and other partners, can assist in the response at the country and regional levels. The paper stresses the need for country specific strategies to address the diversity of issues within the region. It highlights the importance of analytic and advisory work in this area to support ongoing and planned programs as well as capacity building efforts.
  • Publication
    Assessing the Global Economic and Poverty Effects of Antimicrobial Resistance
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-06) Ahmed, Syud Amer; Baris, Enis; Go, Delfin S.; Lofgren, Hans; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel; Thierfelder, Karen
    This paper assesses the potential impact of antimicrobial resistance on global economic growth and poverty. The analysis uses a global computable general equilibrium model and a microsimulation framework that together capture impact channels related to health, mortality, labor productivity, health care financing, and production in the livestock and other sectors. The effects spread across countries via trade flows that may be affected by new trade restrictions. Relative to a world without antimicrobial resistance, the losses during 2015–50 may sum to $85 trillion in gross domestic product and $23 trillion in global trade (in present value). By 2050, the cost in global gross domestic product could range from 1.1 percent (low case) to 3.8 percent (high case). Antimicrobial resistance is expected to make it more difficult to eliminate extreme poverty. Under the high antimicrobial resistance scenario, by 2030, an additional 24.1 million people would be extremely poor, of whom 18.7 million live in low-income countries. In general, developing countries will be hurt the most, especially those with the lowest incomes.
  • Publication
    Walking the Talk: Reimagining Primary Health Care After COVID-19
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-06-28) Barış, Enis; Silverman, Rachel; Wang, Huihui; Zhao, Feng; Pate, Muhammad Ali
    Almost half a century ago, policy leaders issued the Declaration of Alma Ata and embraced the promise of health for all through primary health care (PHC). That vision has inspired generations. Countries throughout the world—rich and poor—have struggled to build health systems anchored in strong PHC where they were needed most. The world has waited long enough for high-performing PHC to become more than an aspiration; it is now time to deliver. The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic has facilitated the reckoning for that shared failure—but it has also created a once-in-a-generation opportunity for transformational health system changes. The pandemic has shown policy makers and ordinary citizens why health systems matter and what happens when they fail. Bold reforms now can prepare health systems for future crises and bring goals such as universal health coverage within reach. PHC holds the key to these transformations. To fulfill that promise, however, the walk has to finally match the talk. Walking the Talk: Reimagining Primary Health Care after COVID-19 outlines how to get there. It charts an agenda to reimagined, fit-for-purpose PHC. It asks three questions about health systems reform built around PHC: Why? What? How? The characteristics of high-performing PHC are precisely those that are most critical for managing the pressures coming to bear on health systems in the post-COVID world. The challenges include future outbreaks and other emergent threats, as well as long-term structural trends that are reshaping the environments in which systems operate in noncrisis times. Walking the Talk highlights three sets of megatrends that will increasingly affect health systems in the coming decades: • Demographic and epidemiological shifts • Changes in technology • Citizens’ evolving expectations for health care. Reimagined PHC systems will be equipped through optimized system design, financing, and delivery to ensure high-quality services, care to address patients’ needs, fairness and accountability, and resilient systems.
  • Publication
    Indoor Air Pollution in Cold Climates : The Cases of Mongolia and China
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-12) Baris, Enis; Boehmova, Zuzana; Constant, Samantha
    This note provides a snapshot of indoor air pollution interventions in two cold climate environments. It illustrates the different methodologies used for each of the cases and presents a comparative analysis of results and lessons learned.
  • Publication
    Public Ends, Private Means : Strategic Purchasing of Health Services
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2007) Preker, Alexander S.; Liu, Xingzhu; Velenyi, Edit V.; Baris, Enis; Preker, Alexander S.; Liu, Xingzhu; Velenyi, Edit V.; Baris, Enis
    Public Ends, Private Means: Strategic purchasing of value for money in health services is part of a series of World Bank publications on ways to make public spending on health care more efficient and equitable in developing countries. It reviews the underlying economics in terms of agency theory, behavioral science, contract theory, transaction costs, and public choice theory. It provides a synthesis of the institutional environment needed for countries to shift to strategic purchasing, organizational incentives that need to be in place, and management capacity that needs to be strengthened. The volume is supplemented with a CD that presents six regional reviews of current resource allocation and purchasing (RAP) arrangements.
  • Publication
    Health in All Policies as a Strategic Policy Response to NCDs
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-02) Lin, Vivian; Jones, Catherine; Wang, Shiyong; Baris, Enis
    The aim of Health in All Policies (HiAP) is to bring diverse sectors together to find shared solutions; it focuses on identifying 'win-win' or 'cobenefits' such that policy measures contribute not only to improved health outcomes but also to outcomes desired by other sectors, such as education, environment, welfare, agriculture, and transportation. HiAP can be applied to NCD prevention and control from three different entry points: risk factors or conditions, population groups (including life course), and sectors. (HiAP) is a relatively new concept and policy practice that attempts to incorporate consideration into the policy decision-making process of how public policies and programs affect community health and well-being. It represents a way of working across sectors that aim to find solutions for complex, interrelated, and persistent problems. With the global epidemic in non-communicable diseases (NCDs), HiAP offers a potential approach and a pathway to secure coordinated action on social determinants of health that relate to NCDs and result in health inequalities. Promising examples can be seen globally for action on both specific NCD risk factors as well as in a more systemic approach to policy decision making.
  • Publication
    Environmental Management for Malaria Control in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2004-04) Lindsay, Steve; Kirby, Matthew; Baris, Enis; Bos, Robert
    Malaria attacks millions in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region, and greatly impedes economic development, particularly affecting the rural poor. In the early 1900s malaria was controlled in many parts of the region using environmental management (EM) for vector control. EM is where the environment is modified or manipulated to reduce malaria transmission by attacking local vector mosquitoes and requires an understanding of the ecology of these species. Today malaria control is based on drugs and insecticides, but their sustainability has been undermined by the development of resistance and growing concerns about the long-term environmental impact of some insecticides. EM would strengthen malaria control activities and be cost-effective. To be successful EM requires co-ordination and collaboration between different public sectors. This document presents the options that exist to minimize malaria risks associated with infrastructure development projects. It also aims to raise awareness of the wide array of opportunities that exist to design, construct and operate infrastructure as a sustainable means of reducing malaria transmission risks in specific settings. Environmental management offers exciting new opportunities for sustainable malaria control throughout the EAP, not on it's own, but as part of an integrated approach to malaria management.