Kumar, Praveen

Operations Policies and Country Services, World Bank
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Macroeconomics and fiscal policy, Fiscal management, Public sector, Labor markets, Economic growth
Operations Policies and Country Services, World Bank
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Praveen Kumar is an Economic Adviser in the World Bank mapped to the Macroeconomic and Fiscal Management Global Practice. He has an extensive experience of preparing economic reports for the governments in Eastern Africa, South Asia, and Middle East and Northern Africa. His areas of expertise are macroeconomic policy, economic growth, fiscal management, public sector, and labor markets.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
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    Kenya's Quest for Growth Stabilization and Reforms--But Political Stability?
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-08) Bandiera, Luca ; Kumar, Praveen ; Pinto, Brian
    Kenya has long had a reputation of being politically risky, manifested in corruption, uncertainty about policies, and the importance of political connections in doing business. Kenya began its economic liberalization in 1993. Reform picked up speed after a tightening of aid by donors on governance grounds and an attempt to re-establish credibility following the costly Goldenberg scandal uncovered in 1992. But tangible results in the shape of favorable government debt dynamics and a pick up in growth took a decade to materialize. The paper argues that the peaceful presidential election and transfer of power in December 2002 was central to the economic upswing after 2002. The subsequent decline in political risk was singled out by the private sector as an important development. The paper draws on an analysis of debt dynamics, the evolution of domestic interest rates, and the latest Investment Climate Assessment to present evidence on the criticality of low political risk in facilitating good economic outcomes after 2003. The December 2007 elections have highlighted other aspects of political risk - ethnic and social tensions with roots in inequality. The findings of this paper underline the importance of establishing a foundation for long-term political stability and social cohesion in view of the disruptions following the December 2007 elections. This process is likely to be at least as difficult and lengthy as fundamental economic policy and institutional reform.
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    From Falling Behind to Catching Up: A Country Economic Memorandum for Malawi
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2018) Record, Richard ; Kumar, Praveen ; Kandoole, Priscilla
    This book aims to improve readers’ understanding of the puzzle of Malawi’s development performance and identify ways for the country to achieve robust growth and stay on a stable growth path that helps the poor. The book places a strong emphasis on assessing Malawi’s growth experience since independence from a comparative international perspective. This book first discusses Malawi’s macroeconomic situation and challenges in fiscal management, reviewing and drawing lessons from the instability, slippages, and shocks experienced since independence. Second, it explores the current state of agricultural markets, given the critical role of this sector in poverty reduction. Third, looking at the factors that may constrain higher growth in the future, challenges in private sector development and job creation are discussed. Building on the analysis of challenges, the book concludes with a summary of policy recommendations to help Malawi to begin catching up with its peers.
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    Playing to Strength: Growth Strategy for Small Agrarian Economies in Africa
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-08) Yusuf, Shahid ; Kumar, Praveen
    With urban industrialization on the scale achieved by East Asian economies looking increasingly less plausible, small economies in Africa need an alternative strategic approach to long-term growth. The purpose of this paper is to identify a growth strategy with the greatest potential for small, landlocked economies in East Africa. The paper uses Malawi, Rwanda, and Uganda as case studies to explore the potential for growth in agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism in these countries. The paper marshals extensive reasoning that while the manufacturing sector and exports of light labor or resource intensive manufactures could contribute a fraction of aggregate growth, it is agriculture, agribusiness, and services that will contribute the lion’s share because of an unprecedented convergence of technologies. Industrialized agriculture and agri-business could enable these countries to sustain rapid growth even in the face of climate change. Malawi, Rwanda, and Uganda, with some trying, can accelerate their convergence to the technological frontier to take full advantage of this promise. Undoubtedly, there are obstacles to transferring the advanced technologies wholesale to East Africa, but their eventual assimilation is a must and the removal of hurdles needs to be addressed. Extracting the maximum growth mileage will require policy action on multiple fronts.