(Taylor and Francis, 2018-09-18)
Islam, Asif; Palacios Lopez, Amparo; Amin, Mohammad
Migration studies have been primarily based on the movement of individuals from developing to developed economies, with a focus on the impact of migrants on host country wages. In this study we take a different angle by exploring the labor productivity of migrant-owned firms versus native-owned firms in 20 African economies using firm-level data. We find that labor productivity is 78 per cent higher in migrant-owned firms than native-owned firms. Using the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method we find that structural effects account for 80 per cent of the labor productivity gap. Returns to manager education largely explain the productivity advantage of migrant-owned firms over native-owned firms. Interactions with the government, access to finance, informality, and power outages are also considerable contributors to the labor productivity gap.
This paper contributes to better
understanding firms' discriminatory behavior in the
presence of gender-based legal discrimination and its
linkages with labor market outcomes for women in a
developing country setting. Using data collected through the
World Bank Enterprise Surveys in the Democratic Republic of
Congo, the paper documents the existence of nonnegligible
employer discrimination and limitations in women's
autonomy in the presence of a discriminatory environment.
Interestingly, these are more pervasive outside the capital
city, Kinshasa, which suggests that cultural norms or
differences in regulation enforcement may be at play. The
paper also finds that firms' discriminatory behavior
harms women's labor market outcomes, in their
representation among the upper echelons of management and
participation in the overall workforce. The negative
relationship between restrictions from discriminatory
behaviors and female employment is particularly strong in
the manufacturing sector.