Development Economics Data Group, The World Bank
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Fields of Specialization
Food security, Education economics, Health economics, Data collection methods, Measuring Poverty
Development Economics Data Group, The World Bank
Externally Hosted Work
Last updated August 29, 2023
Dean Jolliffe is a lead economist in the Development Data Group at the World Bank. He is a member of the Living Standards Measurement Study team and co-lead of the team that works on global poverty measurement (PovcalNet). Previously, he worked in the Research Group and the South Asia region of the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank, he was a research economist with the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, an assistant professor at Charles University Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education in Prague, an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Public Policy Institute, and a postdoctoral fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute. Dean holds appointments as a research fellow with the Institute for the Study of Labor, as a co-opted council member of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, and as a fellow of the Global Labor Organization. He received his PhD in economics from Princeton University.
Publication Search Results
Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
Publication(World Bank Group, Washington, DC, 2015-01) Carletto, Gero ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Banerjee, RakaAgricultural development is an essential engine of growth and poverty reduction, yet agricultural data suffer from poor quality and narrow sectoral focus. There are several reasons for this: (i) difficult-to-measure smallholder agriculture is prevalent in poor countries, (ii) agricultural data are collected with little coordination across ministries of agriculture and national statistics offices, and (iii) poor analysis undermines the demand for high-quality data. This paper argues that initiatives like the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics bode well for the future. Moving from Devarajan's statistical "tragedy" to Kiregyera's statistical "renaissance" will take a continued long-term effort by individual countries and development partners.
Publication(Washington, DC, 2016-03) Jolliffe, Dean ; Prydz, Espen BeerWorld Bank's international poverty line of $1.90/day, at 2011 purchasing power parity, is based on a collection of national poverty lines, which were originally used to set the international poverty line of $1.25/day at 2005 purchasing power parity. This paper proposes an approach for estimating a more recent, complete, and comparable collection of national poverty thresholds from reported national poverty rates. The paper presents a set of international poverty lines based on this new database of national poverty lines. In contrast to the lines used to estimate the $1.90 international poverty line, this approach produces national poverty lines that are (1) consistent with national poverty rates, (2) expressed in common units, and (3) provide greater support to the estimated international poverty line. These national poverty lines are used to estimate an extreme international poverty line, and three higher lines that are more relevant for higher-income countries. A key finding provides evidence of the robustness and relevance of the $1.90 international poverty line as a measure of extreme poverty for low-income countries.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-01) Artuc, Erhan ; Cull, Robert ; Dasgupta, Susmita ; Fattal, Roberto ; Filmer, Deon ; Gine, Xavier ; Jacoby, Hanan ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Kee, Hiau Looi ; Klapper, Leora ; Kraay, Aart ; Loayza, Norman ; Mckenzie, David ; Ozler, Berk ; Rao, Vijayendra ; Rijkers, Bob ; Schmukler, Sergio L. ; Toman, Michael ; Wagstaff, Adam ; Woolcock, MichaelWhat major insights have emerged from development economics in the past decade, and how do they matter for the World Bank? This challenging question was recently posed by World Bank Group President David Malpass to the staff of the Development Research Group. This paper assembles a set of 13 short, nontechnical briefing notes prepared in response to this request, summarizing a selection of major insights in development economics in the past decade. The notes synthesize evidence from recent research on how policies should be designed, implemented, and evaluated, and provide illustrations of what works and what does not in selected policy areas.
Mind the Gap: Disparities in Assessments of Living Standards Using National Accounts and Household Surveys(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-09) Prydz, Espen Beer ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Serajuddin, UmarEstimates of average per capita consumption and income from national accounts differ substantially from corresponding measures of consumption and income from household surveys. Using a new compilation of more than 2,000 household surveys matched to national accounts data, this study finds that the gaps between the data sources are larger and more robust than previously established. Means of household consumption estimated from surveys are, on average, 20 percent lower than corresponding means from national accounts. The gap with gross domestic product per capita is nearly 50 percent. The gaps have increased in recent decades and are largest in middle-income countries, where annualized growth rates for consumption surveys are systematically lower than national accounts growth rates. The paper shows that the gaps in measures across these two sources have implications for assessments of economic growth, poverty, and inequality. The study finds that typical survey measures of consumption and income may exaggerate poverty reduction and underestimate inequality.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-09) Atamanov, Aziz ; Castaneda Aguilar, R. Andres ; Diaz-Bonilla, Carolina ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Lakner, Christoph ; Mahler, Daniel Gerszon ; Montes, Jose ; Moreno Herrera, Laura Liliana ; Newhouse, David ; Nguyen, Minh C. ; Prydz, Espen Beer ; Sangraula, Prem ; Tandon, Sharad Alan ; Yang, JudyThe September 2019 global poverty update from the World Bank includes revised survey data which lead to minor changes in the most recent global poverty estimates. The update includes revisions to 18 surveys from four countries. As a result of the revised data, the estimate of the global 1.90 US Dollars headcount ratio for 2015 increases slightly from 9.94 percent to 9.98 percent, whereas the number of poor increases from 731.0 million to 734.5 million people.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-04) Castaneda Aguilar, R. Andres ; Dewina, Reno ; Diaz-Bonilla, Carolina ; Edochie, Ifeanyi N. ; Fujs, Tony H. M. J. ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Lain, Jonathan ; Lakner, Christoph ; Ibarra, Gabriel Lara ; Mahler, Daniel G. ; Meyer, Moritz ; Montes, Jose ; Moreno Herrera, Laura L. ; Mungai, Rose ; Newhouse, David ; Nguyen, Minh C. ; Sanchez Castro, Diana ; Schoch, Marta ; Sousa, Liliana D. ; Tetteh-Baah, Samuel K. ; Uochi, Ikuko ; Viveros Mendoza, Martha C. ; Wu, Haoya ; Yonzan, Nishant ; Yoshida, NobuThe April 2022 update to the newly launched Poverty and Inequality Platform (PIP) involves several changes to the data underlying the global poverty estimates. Some welfare aggregates have been changed for improved harmonization, and the CPI, national accounts, and population input data have been updated. This document explains these changes in detail and the reasoning behind them. Moreover, a large number of new country-years have been added, bringing the total number of surveys to more than 2,000. These include new harmonized surveys for countries in West Africa, new imputed poverty estimates for Nigeria, and recent 2020 household survey data for several countries. Global poverty estimates are now reported up to 2018 and earlier years have been revised.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-05) Jolliffe, Dean ; Prydz, Espen BeerPoverty lines are typically higher in richer countries, and lower in poorer ones, reflecting the relative nature of national assessments of who is considered poor. In many high-income countries, poverty lines are explicitly relative, set as a share of mean or median income. Despite systematic variation in how countries define poverty, global poverty counts are based on fixed-value lines. To reflect national assessments of poverty in a global headcount of poverty, this paper proposes a societal poverty line. The proposed societal poverty line is derived from 699 harmonized national poverty lines, and has an intercept of $1 per day and a relative gradient of 50 percent of median national income or consumption. The societal poverty line is more closely aligned with national definitions of poverty than other proposed relative lines. By this relative measure, societal poverty has fallen steadily since 1990, but at a much slower pace than absolute extreme poverty.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-09) Castaneda Aguilar, R. Andres ; Fujs, Tony ; Jolliffe, Dean ; Lakner, Christoph ; Gerszon Mahler, Daniel ; Nguyen, Minh C. ; Schoch, Marta ; Vargas Mogollon, David L. ; Viveros Mendoza, Martha C. ; Baah, Samuel Kofi Tetteh ; Yonzan, Nishant ; Yoshida, NobuoThe September 2020 update to PovcalNet mainly involves the adoption of the revised 2011 PPPs for the estimation of global poverty. In addition, the coverage rules for reporting regional and global poverty aggregates have been reviewed, resulting in small adjustments. Historical regional and global aggregates are now reported with an annual frequency instead of intervals with varying lengths. Only two surveys have been added and some welfare aggregates have been revised compared with the March 2020 update. National accounts and population input data have been updated. This document explains these changes and the rationale behind them in detail. The data and associated estimates are used for the analysis of global poverty in the forthcoming Poverty and Shared Prosperity Report 2020.