Dey, Sangeeta

Global Practice on Education, The World Bank
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Early childhood development, Education, Tertiary education, Teacher management, India
Global Practice on Education, The World Bank
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Last updated: March 23, 2023
Sangeeta Dey is a Senior Education Specialist at the World Bank where she is leading the Bank’s Secondary Education Project in India, working on Elementary and Higher Education in India and on an Early Childhood Development project in Sri Lanka. She obtained her M.Phil. from University of Delhi in Indian History. She has published a co-authored article on grievance redressal mechanisms for school teachers and co-authored a study report on Teachers’ Time on Task in Secondary Schools which is under publication. Previously, she worked as Education Advisor at the UK's Department for International Development,  Education Grants Officer at the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation, Education Specialist at USAID’s REACH India project and taught Indian history at the undergraduate level in University of Delhi. 

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Sri Lanka Human Capital Development: Realizing the Promise and Potential of Human Capital
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2021-08-13) Aturupane, Harsha; Higashi, Hideki; Ebenezer, Roshini; Attygalle, Deepika; Sosale, Shobhana; Dey, Sangeeta; Wijesinghe, Rehana; Aturupane, Harsha
    Human capital is a central determinant of economic well-being and social advancement in the modern world economy. The concept of human capital covers the knowledge, skills, nutrition, and health that people accumulate over their lives, enabling them to realize their potential as productive members of society. Because of the vital importance of human capital for economic growth, the World Bank has launched the Human Capital Project (HCP), which includes the Human Capital Index (HCI). The objective of the HCP is to accelerate human capital development around the world. The HCI is a cross-country metric designed to measure and forecast a country’s human capital. Sri Lanka is a lower-middle-income country seeking to become an upper-middle-income country. Developing human capital to a new and higher level will be central to achieving this development goal. After the country’s 26-year secessionist conflict ended in 2009, Sri Lanka’s economy enjoyed rapid growth at an average rate of almost 6 percent between 2010 and 2017, reflecting a peace dividend and a determined policy thrust toward reconstruction and growth. However, in more recent years there have been signs of a slowdown. The economy is transitioning from a predominantly rural economy to a more urbanized one. In the context of the HCP and the HCI, Sri Lanka Human Capital Development analyzes the main achievements and challenges of human capital development in this East Asia and Pacific island country in health and nutrition—including stunting—and in education—including the challenges posed by Sri Lankans’ low participation in higher education. The report concludes with a look at the importance of building a consensus among the public and other stakeholders to launch an ambitious human capital development program in Sri Lanka.
  • Publication
    Integrating Early Childhood Care and Education in Sri Lanka: From Global Evidence to National Action
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2020-10-22) Warnasuriya, Renu; Sosale, Shobhana; Dey, Sangeeta
    Changes in social and family structures, gender roles, and working environments have led some countries to introduce integrated centers for early childhood care and education (ECCE) for children ages zero to five years, combining the advantages of preschools and childcare centers. ECCE services are becoming increasingly important for countries as a support system for working parents. In countries such as Sri Lanka, where female participation in the labor force is low in comparison with international standards, providing affordable childcare services could also help more mothers to enter the labor market. Responding to the needs of employees, child development centers in the plantation areas in Sri Lanka are already providing integrated childcare services for children in this age group. The increasing demand for affordable childcare services and the growing recognition of the benefits of holistic early childhood development have brought ECCE to the forefront of Sri Lanka’s development agenda. Well-designed ECCE systems can improve the lives of children and families and provide significant advantages to national economies. Access to effective ECCE can equalize learning opportunities by improving school readiness and by putting children on a more equal footing at the primary school level. These early advantages have proved to have a lasting impact, affecting both educational and earning potential in the adult years. The significant income inequalities in countries such as Sri Lanka could be addressed through investment in effective ECCE programs, and enhanced understanding of the benefits and potential long-term impacts of ECCE could help governments tailor programs to ensure maximum return on investment. This study seeks to answer the following questions: Is it more effective to provide early childcare and education services separately or in an integrated manner? Under what conditions would the provision of separate care and education services be more effective? The study provides an analysis of the ECCE environment in Sri Lanka, with recommendations for improvement within the current context. The information presented in the study is a starting point to foster the improved understanding of a complex subject area involving multiple stakeholders.