López-Calva, Luis-Felipe

Poverty Global Practice, The World Bank
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Poverty Global Practice, The World Bank
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Last updated: January 31, 2023
Citations 198 Scopus

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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Exiting Belindia? Lesson from the Recent Decline in Income Inequality in Brazil
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012) Lopez-Calva, Luis F.
    After decades of persistent disparities, inequality in Brazil has fallen steadily over the last fifteen years. This robust rate of decline has surpassed the pace of the Latin American region as a whole, and is taking place as inequality rises in several rapid-growth emerging economies in other regions. This document examines the recent trend in income inequality in Brazil, its key policy drivers and some of the challenges ahead. It aims at capturing some of the lessons behind Brazil?s experience to share with other economies in the region and beyond.
  • Publication
    Equity for Sustained Growth: Pernambuco State Equity Assessment
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-06-04) Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Rodella, Aude-Sophie
    Starting from the aggregate, this report first describes how Pernambuco has fared with respect to the rest of Brazil, both in terms of economic and social welfare performance, over the last decade (2001-2012). In a context of widespread economic growth, Pernambuco has done particularly well in recent years, similar to or above the national average. A key challenge concerns the longer-term, where – notwithstanding the positive performance of recent years-the same level of growth may not be as easily sustained. The solid economic performance has been reflected in an improvement of social indicators, also associated with the governments interiorizacao strategy, a policy developed explicitly to increase the coverage of public services in underserved areas, with a focus on the interior of the state. The decline in poverty rates displays a trajectory towards convergence with Brazil and recently, a faster than national decline of the Gini has brought Pernambucos income inequality below the national and Northeast level.
  • Publication
    Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries
    (Springer Netherlands, 2013-06) Battiston, Diego; Cruces, Guillermo; López-Calva, Luis F.; Lugo, Maria Ana; Santos, Maria Emma
    This paper studies multidimensional poverty for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay for the period 1992–2006. The approach overcomes the limitations of the two traditional methods of poverty analysis in Latin America (income-based and unmet basic needs) by combining income with five other dimensions: school attendance for children, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter. The results allow a fuller understanding of the evolution of poverty in the selected countries. Over the study period, El Salvador, Brazil, Mexico and Chile experienced significant reductions in multidimensional poverty. In contrast, in urban Uruguay there was a small reduction in multidimensional poverty, while in urban Argentina the estimates did not change significantly. El Salvador, Brazil and Mexico, and rural areas of Chile display significantly higher and more simultaneous deprivations than urban areas of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. In all countries, deprivation in access to proper sanitation and education of the household head are the highest contributors to overall multidimensional poverty.