Aslam, Ghazia

Global Partnership for Social Accountability
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Local governance, Citizen participation, Social movements
Global Partnership for Social Accountability
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Ghazia Aslam is currently with the Global Partnership for Social Accountability at the World Bank and a Policy Fellow at the School of Public Policy, George Mason University. She has also previously worked with Social Development Department and Development Economics Research Group at the World Bank. She held a Visiting Faculty position at Economics Department, Lahore University of Management Sciences where she taught Constitutional Political Economy. She received her Ph.D. in Public Policy from George Mason University in 2011 and Masters in Economics from Lahore University of Management Science in 2004. Her main research interests include local governance, citizen participation, social movements, political transitions, and theories of dictatorships.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
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    How-to Note : A Framework for the Assessment of Political Decentralization
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010-02) Gurkan, Asli ; Yilmaz, Serdar ; Aslam, Ghazia
    Political decentralization is the primary mechanism through which citizen preferences are represented in the decision making, and is therefore essential to an effective system of decentralization. The purpose of this note is to elucidate components of a well-designed political decentralization system and is aimed to assist task teams and stakeholders to evaluate political decentralization effort in any given country. There are two main components of political decentralization system: a) discretion allowed to the local government to perform fundamental functions that allow them to represent the preferences of the citizens in decision making process; and b) mechanisms that hold the local government accountable for appropriate use of this discretion.
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    Opening the Black Box: The Contextual Drivers of Social Accountability
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2015-04-14) Grandvoinnet, Helene ; Aslam, Ghazia ; Raha, Shomikho
    This publication fills an important knowledge gap by providing guidance on how to assess contextual drivers of social accountability effectiveness. It aims to strategically support citizen engagement at the country level and for a specific issue or problem. The report proposes a novel framing of social accountability as the interplay of constitutive elements: citizen action and state action, supported by three enabling levers: civic mobilization, interface and information. For each of these constitutive elements, the report identifies 'drivers' of contextual effectiveness which take into account a broad range of contextual factors (e.g., social, political and intervention-based, including information and communication technologies). Opening the Black Box offers detailed guidance on how to assess each driver. It also applies the framework at two levels. At the country level, the report looks at 'archetypes' of challenging country contexts, such as regimes with no formal space or full support for citizen-state engagement and fragile and conflict-affected situations. The report also illustrates the use of the framework to analyze specific social accountability interventions through four case studies: Sierra Leone, Pakistan, Yemen, and the Kyrgyz Republic.