Integrated Fiduciary Assessment

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  • Publication
    South Sudan Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment, Volume 2. Public Finance Management Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06-01) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Republic of South Sudan : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment Southern Sudan, Volume 1. Main Report
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Montenegro : Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2009-07) World Bank
    The purpose of the assessment is to provide the Montenegrin authorities with an internationally-recognized benchmark evaluation of the performance of the Montenegrin Public Financial Management (PFM) systems in order that they may thereafter consider the systems' strengths and weaknesses and develop strategies to strengthen them. The assessment comes at a critical juncture. After double-digit growth in 2007, economic growth has slowed considerably. On the fiscal side, the boom contributed to fiscal surpluses which cannot be sustained in the current economic climate and additional challenges in fiscal management have emerged. The potential to contain recurrent expenditure and implement institutional reforms on the integration path will require increasing efficiency in public administration. The management of the surge in tax and other revenues represented a special challenge for the government particularly given the significant revenues realized from the-one-off foreign investment in privatized state-owned enterprises. The level of public debt, which had steadily decreased over the past few years will be more difficult to contain, particularly in view of the highly pro-cyclical nature of economic policies. The PEFA assessment focuses primarily on the national level of a country's PFM system. PFM improvements now under consideration could contribute substantially in responding to those challenges.
  • Publication
    Paraguay : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2008-04) World Bank
    This Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (IFA) for Paraguay is an exercise in which the Government convened its development partners, including the World Bank (WB), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the European Commission (EC) in a consultative process designed to establish an agenda on Public Financial Management (PFM) and Procurement (PR), and other related governance aspects. It is expected that this process will contribute to: i) identify key PFM & PR strengths and weaknesses of the central government of Paraguay, including those related to the management and implementation of the foreign financed (through grants and loans) public investment programs; and ii) prepare an action plan to guide future efforts in PFM and PR for all central government spending. Paraguay has made important progress in a number of governance areas in recent years. The World Bank Institute (WBI) governance indicators show some progress during the last decade. It is also seen that public services are being delivered more effectively, including in what attains to PFM and PR. Nevertheless, important challenges still remain, particularly in the area of curving down corruption. Paraguay ranked 111 out of 163 countries in transparency international's 2006 survey. The purpose of the IFA is to assess PFM and PR performance in Paraguay. It acknowledges the governance context and the corruption in particular, which affects both the PFM and PR but does not analyze them per se.
  • Publication
    Republic of Haiti - Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) : Improving Efficiency of the Fiscal System and Investing in Public Capital to Accelerate Growth and Reduce Poverty
    (Washington, DC, 2008-01) World Bank
    After the lost decade 1994-2004, marked by political instability and economic decline, Haiti has reformed significantly and revived growth, especially in the past three years. Macroeconomic policies implemented since mid-2004 helped restart economic growth, reestablish fiscal discipline, reduce inflation and increase international reserves. Financial sector stability has been maintained though weaknesses have emerged. Significant progress was also achieved in the implementation of economic governance measures, mainly in the area of legal framework, core public institutions and financial management processes and procedures. Notably, basic budget procedures were restored, the public procurement system strengthened, and anti-corruption efforts stepped up. Efforts were also made to improve efficiency and transparency in the management of public enterprises. These recent political and economic developments open a window of opportunity to break with Haiti's turbulent past and create the sound foundations for strong and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. In such an environment, the development challenge of more dynamic growth in order to reduce poverty requires bold policy actions across a broad spectrum covering various areas of Government interventions to: (i) improve security; (ii) expand and improve the quality of the infrastructure base; (iii) expand the economic base and (iv) enhance human capital. But because of Haiti's scarce resources, prioritizing Government interventions is critical to ensure that public resources are allocated to their best uses. This calls for reforms to improve efficiency of public spending. However, public expenditure reforms would not be enough to decisively put Haiti on a strong and sustained growth path unless they are complemented by revenue-enhancing measures. This implies that the country design a comprehensive fiscal reform package. Major policy lesson from this experiment is that strong and sustainable growth depends on the scope and quality of the fiscal reforms. Fiscal reforms should target a broad-based fiscal package, which aims at expanding the fiscal space and improving efficiency in the allocation of public spending. This package would combine: (a) an increase in total public investment; (b) a reallocation of public spending to investment; (c) a crease in the effective indirect tax rate; (d) an increase in direct tax rate; (e) an increase in security spending; and (f) a reduction in collection costs. The Haiti macro-model shows that the fiscal package tends to have positive impact on growth and poverty over time. Foreign aid could play a catalytic role to foster fiscal reforms and help accelerate growth in the short and medium-term.
  • Publication
    Kyrgyz Republic : Country Fiduciary Assessment Update 2007
    (Washington, DC, 2007-11-10) World Bank
    This fiduciary assessment makes recommendations to strengthen public financial management in the Kyrgyz Republic, including procurement. This report takes stock of developments since 2002 within the Public Financial Management (PFM) Framework. It identifies the recommendations that have been implemented, and it lays out a road map to implement remaining reforms. It provides a basis upon which the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (GOK) can formulate a capacity-building plan to improve its fiduciary system. Donors can use the results of this update in two ways: first, to develop strategies for assisting the capacity development plan; and second, to mitigate risks in individual operations. The country can use the information to monitor its fiduciary systems and the extent to which ongoing reform initiatives are improving performance. This assessment was prepared in close collaboration with government counterpart teams and other donors. The teams analyzed relevant pieces of legislation, gathered feedback through workshops, and conducted interviews with the Government, the private sector, and civil society. The report incorporates comments on earlier drafts and suggestions received from the government, including the Ministry of Finance (MOF), the Chamber of Accounts (COA), Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and the State Agency on Public Procurement and Materials Reserve (SAPPMR).
  • Publication
    Nigeria - A Fiscal Agenda for Change : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review, Volume 2. Executive Summary
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05-25) World Bank
    This report reviews the trends in expenditure patterns in public financial management (PFM) in Nigeria since 2001, and assesses the impact thus far of the ongoing government reform efforts. The public expenditure management and financial accountability review (PEMFAR) covers areas that have been traditionally undertaken by separate Bank reports such as the public expenditure reviews (PER), the country financial accountability assessment (CFAA), and the country procurement assessment review (CPAR). This analysis covers fiscal policies and performance at both federal and state government levels. The PEMFAR is a consolidated diagnostic tool designed to enhance Bank, development partners' and member countries' knowledge of PFM arrangements and reform challenges. The core objective of the Nigeria PEMFAR is to advise the Government (federal and participating states) on how (i) to better focus and sequence its PFM, including the procurement reform agenda within a broader economic reform framework, and (ii) identify directions and instruments of restructuring its expenditure patterns on both macro and sectoral levels. The PEMFAR also aims to inform international development partners on how they could provide more efficient support for the PFM reforms in Nigeria by identifying the main bottlenecks within the existing reform process.
  • Publication
    Pakistan - North West Frontier Province : Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05) World Bank
    The North West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the third largest province of Pakistan. The province is landlocked and the land routes to the north are few and difficult, passing through hilly terrain. The province itself is largely mountainous, with only 30 percent cultivated land. Nearly 50 percent of the population lives in the mountainous and arid areas. The province shares a long border with eastern and southern Afghanistan and most of its population has the same ethnic background (Pushtoon) as parts of bordering Afghanistan. This document reports on a Performance Measurement Framework (PFM) assessment by describing the existing financial systems briefly and rating these systems against the laid down indicators of the PFM Performance Measurement Framework. The study has been conducted in line with the Public Financial Management Performance Measurement Framework, using six critical dimensions of performance for an open and orderly PFM system.
  • Publication
    Angola : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability
    (Washington, DC, 2005-02) World Bank
    One of the most salient features of Angola's public expenditure management and financial accountability framework is the coexistence of two parallel, but articulated, expenditure execution systems: the conventional system, coordinated by the National Treasury Directorate, and a non-conventional one centered around the national oil company Sonangol. A standard assessment of a country's fiscal framework would usually concentrate on the conventional system; the Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) goes one step further by assessing the workings of the non-conventional system as well as its articulation with the conventional one. The key finding is that the justification of the use of the non-conventional system is gone, and its maintenance is imposing heavy costs on the economy. The PEMFAR proposes accordingly the adoption of a two-pronged reform strategy aiming at: (i) strengthening the formal public financial management structures and tools; and (ii) phasing-out and eventually eliminating the non-conventional mechanisms.
  • Publication
    Zambia : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review
    (Washington, DC, 2003-11) World Bank
    The challenges faced by Zambia in public expenditure management (PEM) have been longstanding, and will require targeted efforts, as well as a strong degree of political will to address. The recently launched constitutional review, which includes issues of public finance, the anti-corruption campaign of the new Government, and the renewed interest by Parliament in governance issues, and accountability have all been encouraging steps. Nevertheless, for Zambia to assure that public accountability is enduring, and not dependent upon the Government of the day, it must take steps to strengthen institutions of the State that can provide public oversight, and that promote basic checks and balances. This report provides a very detailed analysis of the country's PEM, and accountability processes. Yet, many of the recommendations are not new, but have been cited in previous reports of the Bank, and/or other donors. Effective implementation of public sector reforms will likely remain a challenge in Zambia. The limited capacity of Government suggests the need to target a few major aspects of public finance, and to address them persistently: improving compliance with existing regulations; strengthening the oversight institutions of the State; promoting public access to information; and, rebuilding information management, and reporting systems. The report also deals with the second objective of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), i.e., with ways and methods by which the Government can ensure efficient, equitable, and transparent management of public resources. It also focuses on the dimension of governance, i.e., the effectiveness of government to be able to provide public services. The specific objectives of the report are to: (a) provide a comprehensive and integrated assessment of Zambia's overall fiduciary risk, i.e., budget management, financial systems and auditing, and public procurement; (b) document PEM reforms progress to-date, and challenges facing Zambia; and, (c) develop a realistic action plan, outlining short and medium term remedial measures, which the Government should implement with donor support.