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PublicationRepublic of South Sudan : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment Southern Sudan, Volume 3. South Sudan Procurement Assessment Report(Washington, DC, 2013-06) World BankThe purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms. PublicationPakistan, Sindh Province - Baseline Indicators System : Baseline Procurement Performance Assessment Report(World Bank, 2009-09-18) World BankThis document provides an assessment of the public procurement system in Sindh province using the baseline indicators system developed by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD-DAC). This assessment, interviews and discussions were held with stakeholders from the public and private sectors as well as civil society. Developing country governments and donors have a mutual interest in increasing the effectiveness, efficiency, and transparency of procurement systems. Both have worked together under the auspices of the World Bank and OECD-DAC procurement round table initiative to develop a set of tools and standards to support and guide improvements in procurement systems. These tools include: (i) benchmarking for assessing the structure of public procurement systems, and (ii) monitoring and evaluation of public procurement systems. A key analytical tool developed for benchmarking is the baseline indicators system which comprises four pillars: 1) the legislative and regulatory framework; 2) institutional framework and management capacity; 3) procurement operations and market practices; and 4) integrity and transparency of the public procurement system. PublicationRepublic of Haiti - Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) : Improving Efficiency of the Fiscal System and Investing in Public Capital to Accelerate Growth and Reduce Poverty(Washington, DC, 2008-01) World BankAfter the lost decade 1994-2004, marked by political instability and economic decline, Haiti has reformed significantly and revived growth, especially in the past three years. Macroeconomic policies implemented since mid-2004 helped restart economic growth, reestablish fiscal discipline, reduce inflation and increase international reserves. Financial sector stability has been maintained though weaknesses have emerged. Significant progress was also achieved in the implementation of economic governance measures, mainly in the area of legal framework, core public institutions and financial management processes and procedures. Notably, basic budget procedures were restored, the public procurement system strengthened, and anti-corruption efforts stepped up. Efforts were also made to improve efficiency and transparency in the management of public enterprises. These recent political and economic developments open a window of opportunity to break with Haiti's turbulent past and create the sound foundations for strong and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. In such an environment, the development challenge of more dynamic growth in order to reduce poverty requires bold policy actions across a broad spectrum covering various areas of Government interventions to: (i) improve security; (ii) expand and improve the quality of the infrastructure base; (iii) expand the economic base and (iv) enhance human capital. But because of Haiti's scarce resources, prioritizing Government interventions is critical to ensure that public resources are allocated to their best uses. This calls for reforms to improve efficiency of public spending. However, public expenditure reforms would not be enough to decisively put Haiti on a strong and sustained growth path unless they are complemented by revenue-enhancing measures. This implies that the country design a comprehensive fiscal reform package. Major policy lesson from this experiment is that strong and sustainable growth depends on the scope and quality of the fiscal reforms. Fiscal reforms should target a broad-based fiscal package, which aims at expanding the fiscal space and improving efficiency in the allocation of public spending. This package would combine: (a) an increase in total public investment; (b) a reallocation of public spending to investment; (c) a crease in the effective indirect tax rate; (d) an increase in direct tax rate; (e) an increase in security spending; and (f) a reduction in collection costs. The Haiti macro-model shows that the fiscal package tends to have positive impact on growth and poverty over time. Foreign aid could play a catalytic role to foster fiscal reforms and help accelerate growth in the short and medium-term. PublicationKyrgyz Republic - Public Procurement System Assessment : Using the OECD-DAC/World Bank Methodology(Washington, DC, 2007-11-10) World BankThis procurement assessment provides a basis whereby the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (GOK) can formulate a capacity-building plan to improve its purchasing system; donors can devise strategies for assisting the capacity development plan and mitigate risks in individual operations that they decide to fund; and the country can monitor system performance and the success of reform initiatives in improving outcomes. It incorporates results from analyses of procurement legislation and feedback from various stakeholders in the procurement system, including government agencies, procuring entities, consultants, contractors, suppliers, and representatives of civil society. The Public Procurement Law (PPL) of the Kyrgyz Republic took effect on May 24, 2004. The PPL provides for a decentralized procurement system. All users of central and local budgetary funds are now responsible for conducting procurement in accordance with the standards of the new law. Since the December 2002 Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR), several significant developments have occurred in the public procurement system of the Kyrgyz Republic. In the new PPL, the government implemented the majority of the Bank's recommendations. Although the PPL clearly assigns the procurement oversight and support roles to the State Agency on Public Procurement and Materials Reserve (SAPPMR), the agency is unable to fulfill these roles efficiently and objectively. It lacks adequate capacity. The SAPPMR must review and verify the information contained in tender and contract award notices to ensure that the information is accurate and in compliance with the PPL. The SAPPMR provides little guidance to procuring entities to ensure effective PPL implementation. PublicationFormer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Country Fiduciary Assessment(Washington, DC, 2007-08) World BankThis Country Fiduciary Assessment (CFA) follows upon the Country Financial Accountability Assessment (CFAA) issued in 2003 and the Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) issued in 2002. Because procurement is integral to the concept of public financial management (PFM), this CFA integrates procurement and financial management assessment into a single report. The report has three objectives: first is to provide the Bank and other donors with an updated assessment of fiduciary progress since 2003. This includes: (i) fiduciary risk related to the budget environment in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; and (ii) need for supporting meaningful progress, possibly through future development policy lending instruments. The second objective is to assist the government in its commitment to Public Financial Management (PFM) reforms to secure more efficient and effective use of public sector resources. Finally, the third is to help the government measure progress in procurement reform by comparing operations with international standards, providing information to monitor system performance and identifying weaknesses. PublicationDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment, Volume 3. Country Procurement Assessment(Washington, DC, 2007-06) World BankThis Integrated Fiduciary Assessment is the first of its kind for Sao Tome and Principe. It combines the analysis and policy recommendations from a public expenditure review (PER), a country financial accountability assessment (CFAA), and a country procurement assessment review (CPAR). The goal of the report is to identify the major challenges facing the country in the prepetroleum era (the next three to five years) in public finance management (including public enterprises) as it attempts to implement its National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS) with a tight resource envelope. This executive summary presents recent economic developments and fiscal sustainability analysis that takes into account petroleum and no-petroleum scenarios, with corresponding analysis on which of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are reachable. The summary reports on revenue and expenditure performance since 2000-01, issues related to the implementation of the public investment program (PIP) and its coordination with the NPRS, and the budget process, including findings from the Health PER, which highlights a lack of allocative efficiency. The summary reports on the financial fragility of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and the possible fiscal consequences for the central budget, especially regarding the implicit subsidies and tax breaks to (and the hypothetical tariff increases of) the electricity and water company. The summary of reports on the status of the public finance management system (budget preparation, execution, control, governance, and human resources) and the reform process that may address many of the concerns it rises. Finally, the summary presents the findings related to the procurement process, including the legislative and regulatory framework, institutional framework and management capacity, procurement operations and market practices, and integrity and transparency of the system. PublicationNWFP Province Pakistan : Procurement Systems Performance Assessment(Washington, DC, 2007-05) World BankThe North West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the third largest province of Pakistan. The developing countries and bilateral and multilateral donors having a concern for increasing the effectiveness, efficiency and transparency of procurement systems, under the auspices of the joint World Bank and OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Procurement Round Table initiative, worked together to develop a set of tools and standards that provide guidance for improvements in procurement systems and the results they produce. Among these tools are included: (i) Benchmarking for the assessment of the structure of the public procurement systems; and (ii) Monitoring and Evaluation of the public procurement systems. With regard to the first deliverable a tool comprising a set of baseline indicators for the assessment of a country system has been developed. This tool comprising four pillars explained through twelve (12) indicators. PublicationBalochistan Province, Pakistan : Procurement Systems Performance Assessment(Washington, DC, 2007-05) World BankBalochistan is the largest province in Pakistan, with 44 percent (347,000 sq. kms.) of the land area but only 5 percent of the population (6.5 million). The province is blessed with a large number of natural resources which are to a great extent unexplored and unutilized. It has an 1100-kilometer coastline which can prove to be an important trade corridor in the region by connecting China and Central Asian republics in the north to the sea in the south and India, Bangladesh in the East. Economic development is needed to deal with significant structural problems both political and socio-economic. Under the auspices of The World Bank, this intervention for assessing the procurement systems of the provincial with the objective of benchmarking the performance of procurement management systems was embarked upon. This report covers the assessment for the province of Balochistan undertaken in the month of September 2006. This snapshot of procurement systems performance assessment is mainly based on historical data and current practices observed during the mission.