Integrated Fiduciary Assessment

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  • Publication
    Kenya National Safety Net Program for Results : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2013) World Bank
    The Government of Kenya (GoK) has a number of well-established social insurance schemes and safety net programs, but their coverage has tended to be low and their effectiveness limited. The coverage of cash transfer programs has grown significantly but remains low in comparison with the size of the population in need. This assessment uses the draft guidance notes on Program-for-Results (PforR) operations prepared by the Operations Policy and Country Services (OPCS) department of the World Bank. The assessment reviews the fiduciary aspects of the government's national safety net program. According to this assessment, the strengths include: (i) sector-wide planning and budgeting through the Sector Working Groups (SWGs), the Medium-term Planning (MTP) framework, and the Medium-term Expenditure Framework (MTEF); (ii) increasing computerization through the Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS); (iii) current efforts to develop and roll out a single registry linked to the Management Information Systems (MISs) for the five cash transfer programs; (iv) the ongoing development and intended roll out of program MISs for the Cash transfer (CT) programs implemented by the department of gender and social development in the Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Development (MGCSD); (v) the upgrading of the MIS for the CT for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) and the Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP); (vi) independent external audit arrangements by the Kenya National Audit Office (KENAO); and (vii) the fact that the procurement performance of the CT programs will have little or no impact on the implementation of the program. This paper is structured as follows: chapter one gives background and the program's institutional arrangements; chapter two presents program's fiduciary performance and significant fiduciary risks; chapter three focuses on fraud and corruption; chapter four gives institutional arrangements; and chapter five presents mitigating measures.
  • Publication
    South Sudan Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment, Volume 2. Public Finance Management Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06-01) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Republic of South Sudan : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment Southern Sudan, Volume 1. Main Report
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Paraguay : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2008-04) World Bank
    This Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (IFA) for Paraguay is an exercise in which the Government convened its development partners, including the World Bank (WB), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the European Commission (EC) in a consultative process designed to establish an agenda on Public Financial Management (PFM) and Procurement (PR), and other related governance aspects. It is expected that this process will contribute to: i) identify key PFM & PR strengths and weaknesses of the central government of Paraguay, including those related to the management and implementation of the foreign financed (through grants and loans) public investment programs; and ii) prepare an action plan to guide future efforts in PFM and PR for all central government spending. Paraguay has made important progress in a number of governance areas in recent years. The World Bank Institute (WBI) governance indicators show some progress during the last decade. It is also seen that public services are being delivered more effectively, including in what attains to PFM and PR. Nevertheless, important challenges still remain, particularly in the area of curving down corruption. Paraguay ranked 111 out of 163 countries in transparency international's 2006 survey. The purpose of the IFA is to assess PFM and PR performance in Paraguay. It acknowledges the governance context and the corruption in particular, which affects both the PFM and PR but does not analyze them per se.
  • Publication
    Republic of Haiti - Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) : Improving Efficiency of the Fiscal System and Investing in Public Capital to Accelerate Growth and Reduce Poverty
    (Washington, DC, 2008-01) World Bank
    After the lost decade 1994-2004, marked by political instability and economic decline, Haiti has reformed significantly and revived growth, especially in the past three years. Macroeconomic policies implemented since mid-2004 helped restart economic growth, reestablish fiscal discipline, reduce inflation and increase international reserves. Financial sector stability has been maintained though weaknesses have emerged. Significant progress was also achieved in the implementation of economic governance measures, mainly in the area of legal framework, core public institutions and financial management processes and procedures. Notably, basic budget procedures were restored, the public procurement system strengthened, and anti-corruption efforts stepped up. Efforts were also made to improve efficiency and transparency in the management of public enterprises. These recent political and economic developments open a window of opportunity to break with Haiti's turbulent past and create the sound foundations for strong and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. In such an environment, the development challenge of more dynamic growth in order to reduce poverty requires bold policy actions across a broad spectrum covering various areas of Government interventions to: (i) improve security; (ii) expand and improve the quality of the infrastructure base; (iii) expand the economic base and (iv) enhance human capital. But because of Haiti's scarce resources, prioritizing Government interventions is critical to ensure that public resources are allocated to their best uses. This calls for reforms to improve efficiency of public spending. However, public expenditure reforms would not be enough to decisively put Haiti on a strong and sustained growth path unless they are complemented by revenue-enhancing measures. This implies that the country design a comprehensive fiscal reform package. Major policy lesson from this experiment is that strong and sustainable growth depends on the scope and quality of the fiscal reforms. Fiscal reforms should target a broad-based fiscal package, which aims at expanding the fiscal space and improving efficiency in the allocation of public spending. This package would combine: (a) an increase in total public investment; (b) a reallocation of public spending to investment; (c) a crease in the effective indirect tax rate; (d) an increase in direct tax rate; (e) an increase in security spending; and (f) a reduction in collection costs. The Haiti macro-model shows that the fiscal package tends to have positive impact on growth and poverty over time. Foreign aid could play a catalytic role to foster fiscal reforms and help accelerate growth in the short and medium-term.
  • Publication
    Nigeria - A Fiscal Agenda for Change : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review, Volume 2. Executive Summary
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05-25) World Bank
    This report reviews the trends in expenditure patterns in public financial management (PFM) in Nigeria since 2001, and assesses the impact thus far of the ongoing government reform efforts. The public expenditure management and financial accountability review (PEMFAR) covers areas that have been traditionally undertaken by separate Bank reports such as the public expenditure reviews (PER), the country financial accountability assessment (CFAA), and the country procurement assessment review (CPAR). This analysis covers fiscal policies and performance at both federal and state government levels. The PEMFAR is a consolidated diagnostic tool designed to enhance Bank, development partners' and member countries' knowledge of PFM arrangements and reform challenges. The core objective of the Nigeria PEMFAR is to advise the Government (federal and participating states) on how (i) to better focus and sequence its PFM, including the procurement reform agenda within a broader economic reform framework, and (ii) identify directions and instruments of restructuring its expenditure patterns on both macro and sectoral levels. The PEMFAR also aims to inform international development partners on how they could provide more efficient support for the PFM reforms in Nigeria by identifying the main bottlenecks within the existing reform process.
  • Publication
    Pakistan - Punjab Province : Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05) World Bank
    This document reports on a Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment (PFMAA) for the province of Punjab. The study was commissioned jointly by the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UK Department for International Development (DfID), and the European Commission (EC). The Government of Punjab (GoPj) managed the process through a Steering Committee chaired by the Finance Secretary. This summary assessment uses the indicator-led analysis to provide an integrated assessment of the Punjab Province's PFM system against the six core dimensions of PFM performance and provides a statement of the likely impact of those weaknesses on budgetary outcomes, on aggregate fiscal discipline, and on the strategic allocation of resources and efficient service delivery. The PFMAA was conducted against 31 Public Financial Management (PFM) performance measurement indicators in accordance with the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework.
  • Publication
    Pakistan - Balochistan Province : Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05) World Bank
    This document reports on a Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment (PFMAA) for the province of Balochistan. The study was commissioned jointly by the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UK Department for International Development (DfID), and the European Commission (EC). The Government of Balochistan welcomed the initiative of the World Bank, ADB, DFID and EC in carrying out the PFM assessment. The provincial Finance Department is also working on framing new financial rules in order to streamline utilization of funds while ensuring transparency in financial management.. The PFMAA was conducted against 31 Public Financial Management (PFM) performance measurement indicators in accordance with the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework.
  • Publication
    Balochistan Province, Pakistan : Procurement Systems Performance Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2007-05) World Bank
    Balochistan is the largest province in Pakistan, with 44 percent (347,000 sq. kms.) of the land area but only 5 percent of the population (6.5 million). The province is blessed with a large number of natural resources which are to a great extent unexplored and unutilized. It has an 1100-kilometer coastline which can prove to be an important trade corridor in the region by connecting China and Central Asian republics in the north to the sea in the south and India, Bangladesh in the East. Economic development is needed to deal with significant structural problems both political and socio-economic. Under the auspices of The World Bank, this intervention for assessing the procurement systems of the provincial with the objective of benchmarking the performance of procurement management systems was embarked upon. This report covers the assessment for the province of Balochistan undertaken in the month of September 2006. This snapshot of procurement systems performance assessment is mainly based on historical data and current practices observed during the mission.