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Philippines - Improving Government Performance : Discipline, Efficiency and Equity in Managing Public Resources(Washington, DC, 2003-04-30) World BankThe Philippine authorities, confronted with an unfavorable governance and macroeconomic environment in 2001, established a consistent track record in 2001 in stabilizing the economy and improving investor sentiment. The unfolding developments in 2002-03, however, pose a threat to a still fragile fiscal and institutional environment, and can dim the prospects for attaining the Philippines' target for higher growth and renewed poverty reduction. Fiscal sustainability and the government's ability to finance poverty-reducing programscontinues to be at risk from falling revenues, rising public debt and debt service, and off-budget risks. This constrained environment makes it doubly important to focus on increasing fiscal flexibility through increasing revenue collections and enhancing the discipline, efficiency, and equity of public expenditures. the objective of this public Expenditure, Procurement and Financial Management Review (PEPFMR) is to examine selected issues in the allocation and managmeent of public resources of interest to the Philippine authorities, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It aims to help the authorities to establish more effective and transparent policies and processes for allocating and using public resources to reduce poverty and promote economic growth. After the Executive Summary which summarizes the key PEPFMR findings and highlights critical actions to improve the management of public expenditures, there are five sections. Most of the report is contained in three main sections: aggregate fiscal discipline, allocative efficiency, and operational efficiency. A fourth section on decentralization highlights some issues as a prelude to a review of the decentralization experience since 1991 and its impact on issues such as service delivery, equity, and efficiency. Themes such as accountability and transparency pervade the report and have not been dealt with separately. The action plan attahced to the Executive Summary indicates the most pressing issues confronting the authorities. The more detailed action plan at the end of this report contains the joint recommendations of the Government and the task team.