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PublicationEnhancing Teacher Effectiveness in Bihar Operation: Fiduciary Systems Assessment(Washington, DC, 2014-09-19) World BankAn integrated fiduciary assessment has been carried out to evaluate the arrangementsrelevant to the Bihar Teachers Education Program to determine whether they provide reasonableassurance that the Program funds will be used for their intended purpose. Based on theassessment and agreement on actions required to strengthen the system, which are reflected inthe DLIs and PAP the overall fiduciary framework for program are considered adequate tosupport program management and to reach the desired results. Similar to other states in India, the GoB has a well-developed budgetary framework that ensures allocation of adequate resources to departments and programs. GoB has not faced significant fund constraint and there is sufficient predictability in availability of resources, albeit fund releases tend to be significantly higher in the last quarter of the financial year; As per standard practice and in order to maintain transparency in GoBs financing, two exclusive budget lines have been allocated to this program segregating between revenue and capital expenditures; a significant proportion of the activities i.e. civil works, ICT procurement and key consultancies, under the program will be undertaken by BSEIDC which operates outside the treasury system and uses commercial banking channels for financial flows and payments. Fiduciary framework in the state and consequently the Program, are guided by several rules and legislation including the Bihar Financial Rules, Treasury Code and Budget Manual, PWD Manual and the Companies Act (2013) in case of BSEIDC. PublicationIndia - Himachal Pradesh Public Financial Management Accountability Assessment(World Bank, 2009-06-01) World BankThe objective of this indicator-led analysis is to provide an integrated assessment of the Public Financial Management (PFM) system of the Government of Himachal Pradesh (GoHP). The analysis draws on the International Monetary Fund fiscal transparency code and other international standards. The analysis proposes to measure and benchmark PFM performance of the state across a wide range of developments over time. The findings are expected to contribute towards strengthening and implementation of the state's PFM reform strategy and in defining priorities and may serve as a baseline against which progress on PFM performance can be measured over time. The thirty-one indicators for the state's PFM system focus on the basic qualities of a PFM system, linking to existing good international practices. Assessments are classified as A (excellent), B (good), C (opportunities for some improvement), and D (in need of improvement in some areas). The indicators cover: 1) the results of the PFM system in terms of actual expenditures and revenues by comparing them to the original approved budget, as well as the level of and changes in expenditure arrears; 2) transparency and comprehensiveness of the PFM system; 3) the performance of the key systems, processes and institutions in the budget cycle; and 4) the elements of donor practices which impact the performance of the PFM system. PublicationIndia - Jharkhand : Public Financial Management and Accountability Study(Washington, DC, 2007-09) World BankJharkhand, India's youngest and 28th state came into existence in November 2000 pursuant to the reorganization of the erstwhile State of Bihar by the Bihar State Reorganization Act, 2000. More than 77 percent of the population of the state resides in rural areas and depends on agriculture for sustenance. Jharkhand is one of the richest states in the country in terms of mineral resources. Close to half of the gross domestic product (GSDP) of the state emanates from industry which includes mining, quarrying and registered manufacturing. But the high degree of industrialization has not resulted in a high level of income for the state. While the structure of the output indicates a high level of industrialization, the structure of employment reveals the predominance of agriculture. The purpose of this study is to make an objective assessment of the Public Financial Management and Accountability (PFMA) system of the state, identify its strengths and weaknesses and areas that may be in need of reforms and related capacity building. This study is a prerequisite to determining the precise nature and extent of any capacity building initiatives in Jharkhand. The study provides the Government a diagnostic tool for establishing priorities and to develop a baseline for monitoring future PFM performance of the state.