Integrated Fiduciary Assessment

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  • Publication
    Rwanda Transformation of Agriculture Sector, Phase 3 : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment Report
    (Washington, DC, 2014-10-09) World Bank Group
    An Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (IFA) was conducted for the proposed Transformation of Agriculture Sector Program Phase-3 (PSTA 3) Program-for-Results (PforR) operation. The assessment used the DRAFT Guidance Notes on Program-for-Results Operations and Requirements of OP/BP 9.00, Program for Results, (PforR). The OECD-DAC four pillars approach was also used to define the inherent risks in the procurement environment. The assessment covered the institutions directly responsible for the program, namely: Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI), Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB), and National Agriculture Export Board (NAEB); Rwanda Public Procurement Authority (RPPA); National Public Prosecution Authority (NPPA); Office of the Ombudsman (OM); Office of the Auditor General (OAG); and one District Council from each of the four provinces based on the size of budget transfers and population. The assessment also involved discussions with key nonstate actors and stakeholders, including the Private Sector Federation and member confederations, Transparency International (TI) Rwanda chapter, and the National Cooperatives Confederation of Rwanda.
  • Publication
    Enhancing Teacher Effectiveness in Bihar Operation: Fiduciary Systems Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2014-09-19) World Bank
    An integrated fiduciary assessment has been carried out to evaluate the arrangementsrelevant to the Bihar Teachers Education Program to determine whether they provide reasonableassurance that the Program funds will be used for their intended purpose. Based on theassessment and agreement on actions required to strengthen the system, which are reflected inthe DLIs and PAP the overall fiduciary framework for program are considered adequate tosupport program management and to reach the desired results. Similar to other states in India, the GoB has a well-developed budgetary framework that ensures allocation of adequate resources to departments and programs. GoB has not faced significant fund constraint and there is sufficient predictability in availability of resources, albeit fund releases tend to be significantly higher in the last quarter of the financial year; As per standard practice and in order to maintain transparency in GoBs financing, two exclusive budget lines have been allocated to this program segregating between revenue and capital expenditures; a significant proportion of the activities i.e. civil works, ICT procurement and key consultancies, under the program will be undertaken by BSEIDC which operates outside the treasury system and uses commercial banking channels for financial flows and payments. Fiduciary framework in the state and consequently the Program, are guided by several rules and legislation including the Bihar Financial Rules, Treasury Code and Budget Manual, PWD Manual and the Companies Act (2013) in case of BSEIDC.
  • Publication
    People's Republic of Bangladesh - Revenue Mobilization Program for Results : VAT Improvement Program
    (Washington, DC, 2014-04) World Bank
    In accordance with the Bank s OP/BP 9.0 an Integrated Fiduciary Systems Assessment (IFSA) was carried out to determine whether the fiduciary systems pertaining to the Program provide reasonable assurances that the Program funds will be used for their intended purpose. The IFSA comprised an assessment of the fiduciary risks relating to: (a) procurement; (b) financial management; and (c) governance (including fraud and corruption risks) of the implementing agency (the VAT Wing of NBR) which accounts for 95 percent of the Bank-supported Program financing over the next five years. An additional 5 percent of funds will be spent through the ERD as the coordinating agency and the agency responsible for hiring the third party entity for independent verification and reporting to the World Bank. For disbursement purposes, the Bank retains the right to make the final decision whether DLIs have been achieved or not. The conclusion of the IFSA is that the overall fiduciary framework is high risk, but with risk mitigating measures, it is adequate to support Program implementation and to achieve the desired results.
  • Publication
    Integrated Fiduciary Systems Assessment : Ethiopia ULGDP II Program for Results
    (Washington, DC, 2014-03-18) World Bank
    Ethiopia is a country of many nations, nationalities, and peoples, with a total population of 91.7 million. Ethiopia has experienced strong economic growth over the past decade. Urbanization offers new opportunities in Ethiopia to improve education, health, and other public services, as more concentrated populations are easier to reach. In this context, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) acknowledges the important role of the urban sector in overall economic growth and to invest in it. In this context, the government introduced the urban local government development program (ULGDP) in 2008 as a performance grant to ULGs. This second ULGDP is a follow-up to the successful first phase. The current ULGDP is jointly funded by the government and the World Bank. The program, which will scale up the support to cover 44 cities, will provide the highly needed investment funds to promote the cities as growth engines in the GoE's urban development strategy, support the institutional capacity of all tiers of governance (federal, regional and local) in urban development, and enhance the incentives of everyone involved.
  • Publication
    Kenya National Safety Net Program for Results : Integrated Fiduciary Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2013) World Bank
    The Government of Kenya (GoK) has a number of well-established social insurance schemes and safety net programs, but their coverage has tended to be low and their effectiveness limited. The coverage of cash transfer programs has grown significantly but remains low in comparison with the size of the population in need. This assessment uses the draft guidance notes on Program-for-Results (PforR) operations prepared by the Operations Policy and Country Services (OPCS) department of the World Bank. The assessment reviews the fiduciary aspects of the government's national safety net program. According to this assessment, the strengths include: (i) sector-wide planning and budgeting through the Sector Working Groups (SWGs), the Medium-term Planning (MTP) framework, and the Medium-term Expenditure Framework (MTEF); (ii) increasing computerization through the Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS); (iii) current efforts to develop and roll out a single registry linked to the Management Information Systems (MISs) for the five cash transfer programs; (iv) the ongoing development and intended roll out of program MISs for the Cash transfer (CT) programs implemented by the department of gender and social development in the Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Development (MGCSD); (v) the upgrading of the MIS for the CT for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) and the Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP); (vi) independent external audit arrangements by the Kenya National Audit Office (KENAO); and (vii) the fact that the procurement performance of the CT programs will have little or no impact on the implementation of the program. This paper is structured as follows: chapter one gives background and the program's institutional arrangements; chapter two presents program's fiduciary performance and significant fiduciary risks; chapter three focuses on fraud and corruption; chapter four gives institutional arrangements; and chapter five presents mitigating measures.
  • Publication
    Fiduciary Systems Assessment : Ethiopia Health MDG Support - Program for Results
    (Washington, DC, 2012-10-29) World Bank
    This health millennium development goals (MDGs) program for results (PforR) operation contributes to Ethiopia's fourth health sector development program (HSDP-IV) objectives by disbursing against achievement of a subset of its key results. MDG performance fund (PF) supports a sub set of key priorities for HSDP-IV. The three areas that the MDG PF supports are: (i) maternal health, (ii) child health, and (iii) strengthening health systems. The presented P4R operation will provide 100 million dollars International Development Association (IDA) funding for the MDG PF provided agreed results have been achieved and have been verified. The IDA credit will be complemented by a United States (U.S.) 20 million dollars grant under the health results innovation trust fund (HRITF). The assessment examined program expenditure framework to determine whether it is comprehensive, clearly defined, and determination whether it is part of the borrower's budget and financial management processes. It also focused on key elements of program procurement arrangements. The key risks identified by the integrated fiduciary systems assessment arise from the performance of the pharmaceutical fund and supply agency (PFSA), which is critical for PforR operation, and responsible for procuring and distributing most of the health products required for producing the results. The assessment concludes that the examined program financial management and procurement systems are adequate to provide reasonable assurance that the financing proceeds will be used for intended purposes, with due attention to principles of economy, efficiency, effectiveness, transparency, and accountability and for safeguarding program assets.
  • Publication
    South Sudan Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment, Volume 2. Public Finance Management Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06-01) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Republic of South Sudan : Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment Southern Sudan, Volume 1. Main Report
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06) World Bank
    The purpose of this Country Integrated Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA) is: (i) to assess the quality of public finance management and procurement systems in South Sudan; and (ii) to then determine the extent of fiduciary risk posed to domestic and external tax payers by the government's use of their funds through these systems. South Sudan has great potential for further increases in living standards, but achieving them will require large improvements in public services, both in access and in quality. In turn, Public Finance Management (PFM) and procurement systems need to be strengthened in order to improve public services; this will require linking spending more tightly to policy objectives and strengthening the operational efficiency of expenditures. In sum, strengthened PFM and procurement systems are not an end in themselves but, rather, the necessary means to achieving the ultimate objective: improved service delivery in South Sudan. This CIFA will be used by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) and by the country state governments to inform their design or reforms of PFM and procurement systems and, in the case of development partners, to inform their design or revision of technical and financial assistance programs and projects in support of the reforms.
  • Publication
    Guinea-Bissau - Cashew and Beyond : Diversification Through Trade - Diagnostic Trade Integration Study for the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Assistance
    (World Bank, 2010-05-01) World Bank
    Guinea-Bissau is highly dependent on international trade even when compared to other nations of its size and income level. However, it is equally clear that the country could derive far more benefit from its international trade opportunities than it does at the present time. This study examines how to do this, looking not only at trade policy, the investment climate, and infrastructure, but also five key sectors where specific opportunities exist. There are three recommendations which stand out as having a particularly important and pervasive effect on trade and its potential role in raising incomes and reducing poverty. Indeed, they can be regarded as preconditions for significant progress. Eliminating the bureaucratic obstacles to doing business is a prerequisite for any growth in private investment in the country. Guinea-Bissau ranks near the bottom of the World Bank's annual Survey of Doing Business, reflecting the extremely difficult bureaucratic and legal maze that must be dealt with by any entrepreneur seeking to operate a business in the country. This situation not only militates against private investment in any but resource extraction industries, but also makes even the simplest import/export operation an exercise in bureaucratic navigation. It is of primary importance that the job of formulating and implementing economic policy be put on a more stable and long term basis The extreme instability in Guinea-Bissau's government has meant that cabinet ministers and lower officials change on an annual or even more frequent basis. This situation makes long term planning and sustained implementation virtually impossible and the formulation of coherent policy equally difficult.
  • Publication
    Montenegro : Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2009-07) World Bank
    The purpose of the assessment is to provide the Montenegrin authorities with an internationally-recognized benchmark evaluation of the performance of the Montenegrin Public Financial Management (PFM) systems in order that they may thereafter consider the systems' strengths and weaknesses and develop strategies to strengthen them. The assessment comes at a critical juncture. After double-digit growth in 2007, economic growth has slowed considerably. On the fiscal side, the boom contributed to fiscal surpluses which cannot be sustained in the current economic climate and additional challenges in fiscal management have emerged. The potential to contain recurrent expenditure and implement institutional reforms on the integration path will require increasing efficiency in public administration. The management of the surge in tax and other revenues represented a special challenge for the government particularly given the significant revenues realized from the-one-off foreign investment in privatized state-owned enterprises. The level of public debt, which had steadily decreased over the past few years will be more difficult to contain, particularly in view of the highly pro-cyclical nature of economic policies. The PEFA assessment focuses primarily on the national level of a country's PFM system. PFM improvements now under consideration could contribute substantially in responding to those challenges.