(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-01)
Etang, Alvin; Lundvall, Jonna; Osman, Eiman; Wistrand, Jennifer
The report is organized as follows.
After a brief description of the analytical framing and
methodology in section two, section three presents the
history and demographics of the labor market in Sudan,
focusing on indicators by gender and age across the three
main sectors of employment: services, agriculture, and
industry. Section four examines formal institutions: the
institutional setting, service delivery, and laws and
regulations as they relate to economic opportunities.
Section five examines informal institutions, where the
social norms and networks can be a barrier to women’s and
youth’s full economic participation. Section six analyzes
how the market is supporting or constraining economic
activity, which includes a closer look at the labor market
itself and access to assets. Section seven discusses how all
of these aspects are considered when it comes to the
household- and individual-level decision-making that
directly affects women’s and youth’s accumulation of human
capital, overall agency, and, ultimately, their economic
opportunities. Section eight concludes with considerations
for policy and action.