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Publication(Washington, DC, 2012-01) World BankThe Government of Bihar (GOB) has adopted various reform measures to modernize fiscal and financial management such as passing of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, adoption of Government of India's general financial rules and decentralization of financial powers to respective departments with a view to increasing the pace of expenditure and implementation of plan schemes. However, for decentralization to be effective the supporting public financial management systems need to be also modernized. Accordingly, the Government had entrusted a project 'modernization of budget and financial rules and procedures' to Centre for Good Governance (CGG), Hyderabad. The project requires CGG to comprehensively revise the treasury code, financial rules and budget manual, and to provide a roadmap to modernize and strengthen internal audit function in the government. CGG has firstly studied the existing organization structure of the internal audit function in GOB, the skills and capacity of the internal audit staff, the working conditions in the main office and divisional offices, the perception of others about internal audit and so on. They have visited the main office in Patna and the divisional office in Gaya. After identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the system, a road map has been prepared for strengthening the internal audit in the government.
Report on Pilot Study on Migration to Accrual Accounting : Forest and Health Departments of State Government of Madhya Pradesh (India)(Washington, DC, 2010-05) World BankThe objective of this study is to identify gaps between the existing cash based accounting system and the accrual based accounting system to assist Government Accounting Standards Advisory Board (GASAB) to address issues related to Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE) and inventories during actual migration to accrual accounting. This study also includes documentation of operational and implementation issues and suggested solutions to latent problems and road blocks if any so as to provide necessary inputs to GASAB for framing appropriate. Guidelines for migration of Government accounts from cash basis to accrual accounting system. The study is noteworthy that not only statement of financial position for the reporting entity has been prepared but it also discloses physical assets and current liabilities. Maintenance of proper records of various classes of assets (constructed, acquired or donated), inventories, receivables and carry over as prescribed in the financial rules and departmental regulations is a starting point for transition to accrual accounting.
Publication(Washington, DC, 2004-12-20) World BankThis report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices in India, within the broader context of institutional capacity available for ensuring high-quality financial reporting. India's accounting profession was among the earliest to develop historically, when the Indian Companies Act was enacted in the mid-l800s, giving the accounting profession its start. Since then, considerable efforts have been made to align India's accounting and auditing standards and practices, with the internationally accepted standards and codes. In order to further improve the quality of corporate financial reporting in India, there is a need to improve the institutional framework, and take steps for enhancing compliance with the applicable standards and rules. Enhanced by significant inputs from stakeholders, this report provides some principles-based policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the corporate financial reporting regime in India. These recommendations specifically focus on strengthening the monitoring and enforcement arrangements. Moreover, suggestions have been made on some important elements for an independent oversight body for the auditing profession, from a public interest perspective. The objectives of the recommendations are to build on the existing system, and promote a gradual process of improvement.