Accounting and Auditing Assessment
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Digital Transformation of Tax and Customs Administrations(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022-06-30) Junquera-Varela, Raul Felix ; Lucas-Mas, Cristian Oliver ; Krsul, Ivan ; Calderon Yksic, Vladimir Omar ; Arce Rodriguez, PaolaDomestic resource mobilization has become a core priority of the sustainable development agenda for tax and customs administrations. Information systems can play a critical role in revenue mobilization, which may create the much-needed fiscal space for maneuver and allow for more spending on all the things that drive potential growth over the medium term. New technologies can also increase the effectiveness of the internal operations of tax and customs administrations, and can reduce costs, as they improve their capacity to collect revenue with smarter use of the information they collect. Of particular interest is machine learning, which can be used to solve difficult problems that arise from the inability of revenue administrations to process massive amounts of data efficiently. Technology by itself can only provide tools. To achieve meaningful and impactful goals, a comprehensive strategy must be defined, covering the regulatory, institutional, and operational aspects. This paper analyzes such aspects and provides a roadmap for policymakers and tax officials on how to incorporate and manage disruptive technologies into the process of building the tax and customs administrations of tomorrow.
Cambodia - Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC): Accounting and Auditing(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-11) World BankCambodia has achieved remarkable economic development and political stabilization in recent years. Continuous high growth has heightened demand for high quality financial reporting and auditing in the corporate sector and in the government sector. This report on the observance of standards and codes accounting and auditing (ROSC A and A) report assesses the significant progress in the institutional framework for A and A since the previous ROSC A and A report in 2007. It analyses the accounting frameworks of listed companies, the banking and insurance sectors, state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSMEs). The current report seeks to support the ongoing development of the financial reporting institutional framework in line with Cambodia’s national strategic development plan (NSDP) 2019-2023, which features good governance as a cross cutting theme. The report summarizes key findings, identifies gaps, and makes recommendations for consideration by the authorities to improve alignment with international standards and good practice. Unless otherwise specified, data and statistics quoted in this report relate to the 2019 calendar year. This reflects the data that was available and or applicable at the time the analysis was done.
Sierra Leone Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes: Accounting and Auditing(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-01) World Bank GroupSierra Leone is implementing a Medium-Term National Development Plan for 2019–2023 (2019 NDP) entitled “Education for Development”, aimed at improving people’s lives through education, inclusive growth, and the building of a resilient economy. The objective of the second Sierra Leone Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes - Accounting and Auditing (ROSC A&A) is to determine the kinds of reforms that will further strengthen the accountancy profession and enhance its contribution to the country’s growth agenda. This review focused on: (a) assessing the status of implementation of the policy recommendations and action plan developed after the first review in 2006, as well as its impact on the accountancy profession, (b) assessing and identifying any emerging issues that relate to A&A practices that require strengthening, and (c) proposing policy recommendations to strengthen the profession. The review was conducted from May to November 2019 following the revised World Bank ROSC A&A 2 methodology.