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    Sistemas de gestión de información en salud en el Perú
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2023-08-29) World Bank
    Los Sistemas de Gestión de Información en Salud (SGIS) se han convertido en un instrumento elemental para la operación óptima de los sistemas de salud a nivel mundial. El Perú está desplegando esfuerzos por impulsar el avance de los SGIS y enfrenta grandes desafíos. Este documento busca sintetizar el diagnóstico y la ruta para solucionar los factores que inhiben el desarrollo saludable de los SGIS en el Perú. La propuesta está centrada en contribuir a la implementación de un SGIS que apoye al Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS) a brindar un efectivo cuidado a la salud de las personas. Este cuidado se evalúa en términos de cobertura y calidad, acorde a las políticas de protección social del estado peruano. Desde esa perspectiva y siguiendo la dualidad de los SGIS en cuanto a sistemas administrativos y asistenciales, se plantea ese doble rol: como soporte (i) de las decisiones vinculadas a una mejor gestión administrativa de los recursos, la logística y el financiamiento y, por otro lado, (ii) de la prestación de servicios de salud, que evoluciona a un papel cada vez más protagónico, en la gestión clínica a través de la Historia Clínica Electrónica (HCE) y otras estrategias e instrumentos en el marco de la transformación digital. La estructura del documento, incluyendo el diagnóstico y recomendaciones, se da a lo largo de cinco capítulos. Luego de un primer capítulo introductorio, el Capítulo II: Antecedentes plantea una línea de base para el sector y los SGIS sobre la cual se desarrolla el resto del análisis. En el Capítulo III: Descripción de los SGIS en el Perú, se realiza descripción del estado de los SGIS en el Perú ahondando en la evolución de las reformas planteadas y los nudos críticos enfrentados. Los Capítulos IV y V realizan el diagnóstico y recomendaciones, respectivamente siguiendo la organización por componentes de un SGIS: Infraestructura, Infoestructura, Recursos Humanos, Utilización de Información y Gobernanza.
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    Remarks at the Human Capital Conclave
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-04-05) Malpass, David
    David Malpass, President of the World Bank, discussed the importance of investing in human capital for a green, resilient, and inclusive recovery from the Coronavirus disease crisis. He highlighted three important measures: 1) investing in people; 2) efficient expenditures and good governance; and 3) freeing up fiscal space.
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    Comparing Policy Responses to COVID-19 among Countries in the Latin American and Caribbean Region
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-12-16) Allin, S. ; Haldane, V. ; Jamieson, M. ; Marchildon, G. ; Morales Vazquez, M. ; Roerig, M.
    Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) accounts for over a quarter of the world's total cases, and a third of the total deaths, from the COVID-19 pandemic (1-3) (4). In the absence of a vaccine to prevent the transmission of the virus, LAC countries have introduced several public health, health system, and economic policies to reduce the spread and impacts of COVID-19 (4,5). However, contextual factors such as fragmented health systems, limited social safety nets, and high levels of informal employment and inequality have further challenged the response to the pandemic in many of these countries (4,6,7). Furthermore, these underlying conditions intensify the impact of COVID-19, particularly for the most disadvantaged, including the unemployed, informal, and low-income workers, many of whom live in overcrowded households (4,7). In this study, we aim to describe policy interventions in 10 LAC countries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, to compare these responses based on the experiences in two relatively high-performing jurisdictions, South Korea and Uruguay, and to support cross-jurisdictional policy learning for pandemic preparedness in the LAC region through knowledge exchange activities.
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    Case Study on the Role of Primary Health Care in the SARS COV-2 Pandemic in Colombia: Initial Phase - Period of 11th of March to May 31st, 2020
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-12) World Bank Group
    The reforms of the Colombian Health System in the last decade have sought to position primary health care (PHC) as an essential strategy to guarantee integrated and comprehensive care of the population’s health needs. The Primary Health Care approach includes three integrated, interdependent components: health services, intersectoriality, and social participation in terms of empowering individuals, families and communities to take charge of their own health. Within this conceptual framework, Colombia has tackled the SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic formally announcedby the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. This report examines the role of PHC in Colombia›s preparation for, response to, and recovery from the pandemic. The main features of the pandemic affecting the country are described first, followed by observations stemming from analysis of the regulatory component, the healthcare services delivered, and the role of public health communication and surveillance. The report ends with conclusions on the analysis.
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    Remarks to the World Food Programme Executive Board
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-11-16) Malpass, David
    World Bank Group President David Malpass spoke about how in its first year, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is pushing one hundred fifty million people into extreme poverty, ending two decades of steady progress on poverty reduction. Coronavirus (COVID-19) has altered every aspect of commercial activity and trade, shrinking gross domestic products (GDP), fueling a debt crisis and triggering severe food crises. He cautioned about the long-standing problems in the global food system, and how World Food Programme (WFP) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has estimated that the number of people facing acute food insecurity will double to two hundred sixty-five million people in 2020. He spoke about working along with IMF on effective approaches for debt reduction and debt resolution to address low income countries’ unsustainable debt burdens. He highlighted on establishing a fast-track Coronavirus (COVID) response that has delivered emergency support to one hundred twelve countries so far. He explained that in response to the global food security crisis, the World Bank Group has significantly stepped up investments to strengthen food security in client countries.
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    Remarks at High-Level Event on Financing for Development in the Era of COVID-19 and Beyond
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-05-28) Malpass, David
    David Malpass, World Bank Group President, spoke at the United Nations high-level event on financing for development in the era of Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Beyond. He spoke about two institutions, the IMF and World Bank working closely together on financial and economic challenges, including and especially those affecting the world’s poor. He highlighted on the announcement of milestone by IMF and World Bank Group that emergency health operations approved and up and running in over hundred developing countries. He described the new support programs that, in following weeks, will help developing countries overcome the pandemic and reclaim focus on growth and sustainable development. He invited the participants of the UN event to join the efforts with additional financing. He strongly welcomed the prompt support of the G20 countries for a suspension of debt service by all official bilateral creditors, which included G20 endorsement for comparable treatment by commercial creditors. He said that the World Bank Group is supporting countries that are participating in the moratorium. He welcomed President Xi Jinping’s recent commitment to China’s full participation in the debt moratorium. He invited commercial creditors to agree on terms of reference to encourage their participation, especially given the focus of the initiative on debt relief for the IDA countries, the world’s poorest. He mentioned that the UN’s call for Multilateral Development Bank debt suspension would be harmful to the world’s poorest countries. He spoke about the recent mischaracterizations by parts of the UN regarding the World Bank Group’s involvement as an observer to Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan’s negotiations regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. He concluded by saying that the World Bank Group now has available COVID-19 financing programs in over one hundred developing countries, and invited use of those pathways to expand the financing of the health emergency and expand the response so that we can meet the full brunt of the crisis in the world’s poorest countries.
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    Protecting People and Economies: Integrated Policy Responses to COVID-19
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-05) World Bank
    The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed a global health emergency and an unprecedented economic crisis of historic magnitude. Governments facing this threat are in uncharted territory, but three policy priorities addressed in this note are clear. Disease containment is a first-order concern to combat the pandemic, and measures such as testing and tracing, coupled with isolating and treating the infected can bring first-order gains. The economic crisis requires a parallel and simultaneous effort to save jobs, protect income, and ensure access to services for vulnerable populations. As governments act to slow the pandemic and protect lives and livelihoods now, they will need to maintain macro stability, continue to build trust, and communicate clearly to avoid deeper downturns and social unrest. Looking forward, this crisis can be an opportunity to rethink policy to build back with stronger systems for people and economies.
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    Remarks from the G20 Finance Ministers Conference Call on COVID-19
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-03-23) Malpass, David
    David Malpass, World Bank Group President, issued his remarks from the G20 Finance Ministers conference call, on the COVID-19 pandemic. These are difficult times for all, especially for the poorest and most vulnerable. For the World Bank Group, the first goal is to provide prompt support during the crisis, based on a country’s needs. It is also vital to shorten the time to recovery and create confidence that the recovery can be strong. On March 17, the World Bank and IFC Boards approved a USD14 billion package to respond to COVID-19. Of that, IFC is making USD8 billion available in relatively fast-acting financial support for private companies. IBRD and IDA will be making USD6 billion available in the near term to support health care. The Bank is currently restructuring existing projects in 23 countries, many of these through the use of contingent emergency response components. The Bank is also preparing projects in 49 countries in a new fast-track facility, with decisions expected this week on as many as 16 country programs. The World Bank’s Board will meet shortly, and it is expected that this first round of countries will provide a framework to quickly scale up over the next few weeks. The Bank and the IMF are ready to work quickly with official bilateral creditors and with other international organizations as partners to finalize a process by the Spring Meetings of our organizations in April.