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Publication(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2017-10-25) Mock, Charles N. ; Nugent, Rachel ; Kobusingye, Olive ; Smith, Kirk R. ; Mock, Charles N. ; Nugent, Rachel ; Kobusingye, Olive ; Smith, Kirk R.The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-10-17) World Bank ; International Finance Corporation ; Multilateral Investment Guarantee AgencyGuatemala is at an historic juncture, following a political and institutional crisis in 2015, a newly elected government is starting to take on deep-rooted development problems. The crisis was triggered by the uncovering of a corruption scheme that permeated the tax administration superintendence (SAT) and the highest political levels. The country has enormous potential to generate growth and prosperity for its population; yet growth remains low, poverty and inequality persistently high, and high rates of childhood stunting threaten Guatemala’s ability to reach its full development potential. This glaring juxtaposition highlights the existence of two Guatemala’s, with large gaps in both social and economic outcomes. In this context, the World Bank Group’s (WBG) new country partnership framework (CPF) seeks to support Guatemala in fostering inclusion of vulnerable groups, and addressing bottlenecks to sustainable growth.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-09-08) World Bank ; Institute for Health Metrics and EvaluationThe Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the economic case for action, a joint study of the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), seeks to estimate the costs of premature deaths related to air pollution, to strengthen the case for action and facilitate decision making in the context of scarce resources. An estimated 5.5 million lives were lost in 2013 to diseases associated with outdoor and household air pollution, causing human suffering and reducing economic development. Those deaths cost the global economy about US$225 billion in lost labor income in 2013 and more than US$5 trillion in welfare losses, pointing toward the economic burden of air pollution.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-06-11) Oviedo, Ana Maria ; Sanchez, Susana M. ; Lindert, Kathy A. ; Lopez, J. HumbertoCosta Rica stands out for being among the most politically stable, progressive, prosperous, and environmentally conscious nations in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. Its development model has brought important economic, social, and environmental dividends, with sustained growth, upward mobility for a large share of the population, important gains in social indicators, and significant achievements in reforestation and conservation. However, there are a number of development challenges that need to be addressed to maintain the country’s successful development path. This Systematic Country Diagnostic takes stock of the poverty, inequality, and growth trends, addressing the following questions: To what extent has the Costa Rican development model been inclusive? What has driven growth in Costa Rica in recent years, and what are the bottlenecks that need to be addressed? How sustainable is the development model of Costa Rica economically, socially, and environmentally?