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Publication(World Bank, Washington DC, 2023-03-09) World BankThis third issue of the Mobility and Development periodical unpacks an exciting transport sector narrative through seven articles. The issue explores the challenge and outlook on transport decarbonization. The narrative then highlights how digitalization can play a key role in building resilience in global trade and supply chains. Focusing on Africa, you get post-pandemic insights on the air transportation sector in five countries in Southern Africa. Moving to India, experts unpack 10 key insights from two decades of work on state highways. The ieConnect for Impact program then shares key lessons from evaluating the impact of transport infrastructure investments in Ethiopia, Pakistan, Rwanda, and Iraq. Landing in South America, the next article examines how the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted mobility of residents and businesses in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In closing, the periodical explores how to enhance green mobility through leveraging data and innovation in the UNESCO heritage cities of Siem Reap in Cambodia and Luang Prabang in Lao People’s Democratic Republic.
Publication(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022-03-31) World BankThe traditional approach to valuing the benefits of transport investments overlooks their wider economic impacts. Traditional cost-benefit analysis of road projects focuses on estimating the value of time savings that result from upgrading infrastructure to improve the volume and speed of transit. While these benefits are important and have often been enough in and of themselves to justify significant road investments, they overlook the fundamental ways in which transport improvements reshape patterns of economic activity, or in a sense the value of what is moving along any road corridor. In that sense, the traditional approach underestimates the true economic impact of roads. New spatial data can bring new light on the welfare gains of transport investments for households and firms. The increasing availability of spatial data for infrastructure networks, and household and firm surveys has greatly improved the way we investigate whether infrastructure investments have an impact on prices, jobs, consumption, or productivity. A new body of emerging research applies these novel techniques to examine the links between roads, complementary infrastructures, and development extensively across many African countries. This article will review the main findings of this new research in a nontechnical format accessible to practitioners, making the emerging evidence readily available to a wider audience. The research has been sponsored by the Chief Economist’s Office of the Infrastructure Vice Presidency of the World Bank, in partnership with the Transport Global Practice as well as Infrastructure (INF) and Equitable Growth, Finance and Institutions (EFI) teams in the Africa East and West Regions and the Office of the Director for Regional Integration in Africa.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-09-15) World BankWelcome to Mobility and Development: Innovations, Policies, and Practices, an online periodical launched by the World Bank's Transport Global Practice to disseminate policy-oriented and practice-ready publications affecting the transport sector worldwide. In each issue, we will explore timely topics and key trends in mobility and logistic sector influencing wider development outcomes through original, unpublished articles contributed by both World Bank staff and guest authors. The articles in the periodical aim to engage with wider audiences and internal and external stakeholders, including World Bank senior management, staff from other global practices (GPs), donors, and development partners, academia, and policy makers in low- and middle-income countries. For this inaugural issue, we have chosen to focus on Low-carbon and Resilient Mobility in a Post-COVID-19 (coronavirus) World, a theme that is perhaps unavoidable considering the pandemic and its cross-cutting impacts already reshaping the world - as we also continue efforts to diffuse the mounting threat of climate change.