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  • Publication
    Private Investment in Transport Increases in 2011, Focusing on the Road and Rail Sectors
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-09) Militaru, Andreea
    In 2011, 68 new transport projects reached financial or contractual closure in 15 lower-and upper-middle income countries: Argentina (1 project), Brazil (4), Chile (3),China (4), India (41), Kosovo(1), Mexico (3), Nigeria (1), Peru (3), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (1), Sri Lanka (1), Togo (1), Turkey (2), and Zimbabwe (1). Total investment commitments in transport projects reached US$31.9 billion, of which US$30 billion were investments in new projects and US$1.9 billion were investments in existing projects. Total investment in transport projects in the region amounted to US$17 billion, a 4 percent increase from 2010 levels.
  • Publication
    An Overview of Six Economic Zones in Nigeria: Challenges and Opportunities
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-02) World Bank
    This report provides a brief overview of six economic zones in Nigeria, and discusses the main findings with respect to the zones: development goals and the anticipated benefits of the zone projects, key implementation challenges and preliminary proposals on enhancing the development/implementation process moving forward. The objective is to improve the shared understanding of these six zone projects and to identify opportunities on how foreign investments in these six zones can provide the maximum possible benefits both for investing countries and the host country. Based on a preliminary assessment, it seems all six zones reviewed in this report have made some progress, albeit at different degrees. In terms of real development, the Lekki Free Zone and the Ogun-Guangdong Free Trade Zone have made the most significant progresses, with some on-site infrastructure already built or committed and several firms already operating in the zones. The zones in Abuja and Delta State are mostly in the early stages, but they seem to have strong government ownership and backing and each got several potential partners or anchor firms interested for investing.
  • Publication
    United States Infrastructure Investments by State Governments : Grading the Decision Process
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012) Petersen, John E.; Vu, Ha T.T.
    As with any large scale governmental activity, there are always questions about how well a function is performed in accomplishing its manifold objectives: are decisions well informed, coordinated, and cost effective? In the case of public investments, these issues are all the more important because of the large sums and long horizons involved, which make them particularly significant in terms of their consequences for an economy. Unless the vital services provided by infrastructure are effectively performed when and where needed, economies will flag and private needs will go unmet. This report examines the general contours of infrastructure spending and financing in the United States. With a couple of notable exceptions, most of that spending is done at the state and local government level. An assessment of infrastructure decision making examines the results of two recent surveys of state governmental management practices performed by the pew center for the states. These surveys contain a subset of factors that provide indices of the quality of infrastructure planning and management in the individual states. These results allow comparisons among the states and between the two periods, allowing one to take a cursory look at the correlation between the grades and other characteristics of the states.
  • Publication
    Private Investment in Large Transport Projects Increases during the First Semester of 2011, Concentrated in India and the Road Sector
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-01) Nicholas, Alexander
    In the first semester of 2011, 34 new transport projects with private participation reached financial or contractual closure in nine low- and middle-income countries, involving investment commitments (hereafter investments) of US$17 billion.1 Investment in the first semester of 2011 increased by 17 percent compared with the first semester of 2010, on par with pre-crisis levels in the first semester of 2008. By number of projects, activity in 2011 decreased by 31 percent compared with the first semester of 2010 indicating fewer, larger projects in middle income countries. As in recent periods, private investment continued to concentrate in India and the road sector globally. India attracted 70 percent of private investment in transport and implemented 65 percent of transport projects with private participation. Globally, there were 23 road projects involving investment of US$8.7 billion. Railroads attracted the second highest investment level with US$6.1 billion invested in three large metro transit projects. Five port projects reached financial closure with investments of US$1.4 billion, and three airport projects attracted investments of US$360 million.