C. Journal articles published externally

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These are journal articles by World Bank authors published externally.

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    Managing Rural Landscapes in the Context of a Changing Climate
    (Taylor and Francis, 2014-08-08) Kutter, Andrea ; Westby, Leon Dwight
    Global competition for natural resources is intense and the supply of those resources is increasingly more constrained by climate variability and change. Governments and international development agencies have the dual responsibility to meet the socioeconomic needs of the poorest and most vulnerable people while preserving and enhancing their natural capital. These responsibilities often are at odds with each other and different stakeholder groups have prioritized one over the other. This paper suggests that the landscape approach provides a solution for stakeholders to achieve climate change mitigation, adaptation, and poverty reduction goals, though not without some trade-offs.
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    Plant Functional Types and Traits as Biodiversity Indicators for Tropical Forests: Two Biogeographically Separated Case Studies including Birds, Mammals and Termites
    (Springer, 2013-08) Gillison, Andrew N. ; Bignell, David E. ; Brewer, Kenneth R. W. ; Fernandes, Erick C. M. ; Jones, David T.
    Multi-taxon surveys were conducted in species-rich, lowland palaeotropical and neotropical forested landscapes in Sumatra, Indonesia and Mato Grosso, Brazil. Gradient-directed transects (gradsects) were sampled across a range of forested land use mosaics, using a uniform protocol to simultaneously record vegetation (vascular plant species, plant functional types (PFTs) and vegetation structure), vertebrates (birds, mammals) and invertebrates (termites), in addition to measuring site and soil properties, including carbon stocks. At both sites similar correlations were detected between major components of structure (mean canopy height, woody basal area and litter depth) and the diversities of plant species and PFTs. A plant species to PFT ratio [spp.:PFTs] was the best overall predictor of animal diversity, especially termite species richness in Sumatra. To a notable extent vegetation structure also correlated with animal diversity. These surrogates demonstrate generic links between habitat structural elements, carbon stocks and biodiversity. They may also offer practical low-cost indicators for rapid assessment in tropical forest landscapes.