Other ESW Reports

282 items available

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This includes miscellaneous ESW types and pre-2003 ESW type reports that are subsequently completed and released.

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  • Publication
    How Capital Projects are Allocated in Papua New Guinean Villages : The Influence of Local Collective Action, Local-level Institutions, and Electoral Politics
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2011-08) Hasnain, Zahid; Menzies, Nicholas
    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has implemented numerous institutional changes over the past fifteen years with the avowed aim of bringing government closer to the people, improving accountability and, by extension, local infrastructure development and service delivery. To date however, there has been little empirical evidence to establish whether these changes have impacted the provision of local infrastructure. Similarly, there is little empirical evidence revealing the main political economy factors that influence the way that resources are actually planned, spent, and impact communities at the sub-national level. This report investigates the determinants of local infrastructure projects at the ward level, the lowest level of government in PNG, to assess the impact of these institutional changes and to identify the importance of other factors, in particular local collective action. It does this through a survey covering more than 1000 households across 49 yards in nine PNG districts. It also presents descriptive statistics on the basic characteristics of the households that were surveyed, their knowledge of local level institutions, their participation in groups, and their voting behavior. The report explores especially the determinants of variation within districts in terms of the presence of new projects. Common wisdom in PNG suggests that the home wards of Members of Parliament (MPs) should be especially favored with projects. In six districts, the data includes this ward; these six home wards are no different from other wards in their district with respect to the presence of new projects. The survey asked questions about electoral behavior, the provision of cash and other gifts in exchange for votes and electoral violence. The survey found significant inter-district variation, with vote-buying dramatically higher in the three Highlands districts, where 42 percent of respondents report receiving cash, compared to 9 percent in the other districts. Within districts, vote-buying and the provision of local public works projects are inversely related. Vote-buying is also far more common in the three districts that exhibit the most electoral violence.
  • Publication
    Philippines : Filipino Report Card on Pro-Poor Services
    (Washington, DC, 2001-05-30) World Bank
    The Report Card is a means by which citizens can provide credible and collective feedback to public agencies about their performance. It brings forth information on users' awareness, access, use, and satisfaction with public services. It is an important follow-up to the World Bank's Poverty Assessment for the Philippines. It complements the expert analyses and findings in the Poverty Assessment with a "bottom-up" assessment of pro-poor services in five key areas: health care, elementary education, water supply, housing, and subsidized rice distribution.The Report Card identifies the key constraints that Filipinos face in assessing public services, their appraisals of the quality and adequacy of public services, and the treatment they reeive in their interactions with service providers, especially government officials. It offers several recommendations on sector and sub-sector policies, strategies and programs to address constraints and improve service delivery, especially to the poor and under-served areas and groups. the Report Card is based on a national client satisfaction survey undertaken by the World Bank in collaboration with the Social Weather Stations (SWS), a survey research organization in the Philippines that is independent, non-partisan, and credible.
  • Publication
    Vietnam 2010 : Entering the 21st Century
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2000-11-29) World Bank; Asian Development Bank; United Nations Development Program
    The study outlines the socioeconomic development strategy for Vietnam, during the first decade of the twenty first century, envisaging sustainable economic development, to rapidly adjust to social stability, while maintaining cultural, and traditional ties. The aim is to become a socialist market economy, fully integrated into the global economy, internationally competitive, with characteristics of an industrialized, and knowledge-based society within twenty years. This vision articulates the eradication of hunger, and hard-core poverty, emphasizing universal lower secondary education. Likewise, it intends to reduce child malnutrition, increase life expectancy, and raise access to clean water in urban areas. However, the vision requires a doubling of the GDP by 2010, through increased investments and growing exports, declining agricultural inputs, but increasing the industrial, and services share. Part I of the report, still undergoing extensive consultations within the Government, and civil society, provides the strategic directions for the country, examining enterprise development, rural development, human and social development, infrastructure, environmental quality, and governance. Part II addresses stronger partnerships to help the Government implement this strategy, through a series of thematic notes, which describe donor participation, and international development assistance.