Other ESW Reports

241 items available

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This includes miscellaneous ESW types and pre-2003 ESW type reports that are subsequently completed and released.

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    Mexico : Technology, Wages and Employment, Volume 1. Main Document
    (Washington, DC, 2001-12-13) World Bank
    The report examines two components of new technology adoption by Mexican manufacturing firms. First, it questions which firms, under what circumstances, and performance adopt such technology. To measure performance, productivity wages, and net employment of a firm were used, leading to further questions on whether technological change helps workers - of a certain skill level - disproportionately. Second, it argues that adoption of new technologies happens under the right circumstances, and further reviews which are the firms, and circumstances surrounding the choice of technology. The analysis is based on data from the National Survey of Employment, Wages, Technology and Training (ENESTYC), and the National Industrial Survey (EIA) for 1992, 1995, and 1999. Results largely suggest that performance (including statistics, and measures on job creation, and/or job dislocation), is superior with technology adoption, though it does not imply performance increases in all firms. Rather, the effects of technology vary depending on location, and size of enterprise. Nonetheless, investments in human capital - training in conjunction with technology adoption - increases productivity benefits. In addition, the likelihood for new technologies, also varies markedly by time period, and, the complexity of the technology correlates both with the size, and skill levels of a firm's work force. Policy recommendations include widespread technology know-how, facilitating inter-firm linkages, supported by both government financing to encourage a competitive business environment, and by a continued increase in research and development funding, public as well as private funding.
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    Mexico : Land Policy--A Decade after the Ejido Reform
    (Washington, DC, 2001-06-15) World Bank
    This study aims to assess the extent to which reforms have actually been implemented, the impact they have had on the rural population, and the challenges which, as a consequence, need to be addressed by the new administration. This report is organized as follows: Section 1 describes Mexico's rural economy. It reviews the broad context of macro, trade, and sector-level reforms, the strengths and weaknesses of both the productive and socio-economic structure of agriculture and the social sector, highlighting in particular the socio-economic and natural resource characteristics that make the ejido sector central to Mexico's development. Section 2 details the rationale behind the 1992 legal reforms intended to to end almost a century of politically motivated interventions in the internal structure of te ejido and improve the functioning of land and labor markets in the social sector. This section reviews the way reforms were implemented, the procedural safeguards adopted to prevent abuse, and the advances, both in terms of numbers as well as impact, made in implementing them. Section 3 assesses PROCEDE (the National Certifcation Program of Ejido Rights and Urban Lots) and its impact on the functioning of land rental and sales markets, ejidatarios' access to credit, and investment. Section 4 sums up policy recommendations in six key areas, including land policy, completion of PROCEDE, and ensuring the sustainability of the advances made under PROCEDE.
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    Mexico : Institutional Coordination for Regional Sustainable Development
    (Washington, DC, 2000-04) World Bank
    This report analyzes, through a review of the regulatory framework, case studies, and international experiences, current arrangements for coordination of government programs in priority regions in Mexico, as well as opportunities for better addressing the development needs of those regions via enhanced coordination. The broad hypotheses underpinning the analysis are: 1) Poor coordination (within government and between government and civil society) impedes the effective use of government resources (and the mobilization of private ones) in backward regions. 2) Participatory planning fora at the regional (i.e., inter-municipal) level may provide an institutional and operational framework through which those impediments can be removed. The report is organized as follows: Chapter 2 reviews the recent evolution of regional development policies. Chapter 3 develops a conceptual framework for analyzing horizontal and coordination problems as they relate to regional policies. Chapter 4 discusses the normative framework for coordination developed in Mexico's laws and regulations. Chapter 5 analyzes current challenges to, and opportunities for, effective coordination in Mexico on the basis of four case studies. Chapter 6 discusses international experiences with horizontal and vertical coordination in several Latin American countries, as well as the relevance and applicability of those lessons to Mexico. Finally, chapter 7 develops tentative recommendations.