The study addresses the most significant
disparities in women's and men's access to
economic opportunities and discusses the roots of
inequalities in their socioeconomic and political contexts.
In light of recent changes to the Polish Labor Code that
were introduced to promote equal rights for women and men on
the labor market, the authors have attempted to answer the
question of legal discrimination regarding women and men in
the labor market, the social insurance and family benefits
system, and in the work and retirement benefits systems.
Chapter 2 describes the roots of gender stereotypes and
their impacts; chapter 3 describes the employment structure
in Poland, taking into account gender differences; chapter 4
concentrates on the growth dynamics of self-employment among
women and men in the transition period, and the
characteristics of the Polish businesswomen; chapter 5
raises the question of the limits faced by women in their
professional careers; chapter 6 shows to extent to which the
retirement system in Poland reflects the difference between
the status of women and men in the labor market and shows
the roots of the lower status of professional women.
Finally, chapter 7 shows how the status of women in rural
areas is determined by the role that is attributed to them
in the family, in the society, and in the traditional
division of labor. The report concludes by providing a
number of policy recommendations that may prove to be
important instruments in eliminating gender disparities and
building poverty reduction strategies.