Other ESW Reports

242 items available

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This includes miscellaneous ESW types and pre-2003 ESW type reports that are subsequently completed and released.

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    Bulgaria - Efficiency Analysis of STI Programs
    (Washington, DC, 2021-10-31) World Bank
    Transitioning to a more knowledge- and technology-based economy will be critical if Bulgaria is to achieve convergence with its European peers in terms of economic productivity and living standards. The coming year presents an important opportunity for Bulgaria to improve its support for science, technology, and innovation (STI). This report assesses the efficiency of selected Bulgarian STI support programs, tracks progress on outcomes, and reports on beneficiaries’ perceptions of program quality. This report is the third and final major component of the World Bank’s Bulgaria public expenditure review for STI (PER STI) project. This efficiency analysis addresses an identified gap in Bulgaria’s STI system: the monitoring and evaluation (M and E) of STI support programs. This report aims to address those gaps by identifying benchmarks for assessing the results of STI support programs in Bulgaria and providing a methodology and tools for carrying out such evaluations in the future. The report is structured in nine sections. Section one presents the methodology, section two provides a comparison of key results across the six programs included in the analysis, sections three through eight provide program-specific analysis and findings, and section nine provides recommendations.
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    Supporting the Implementation of Residential Heating Measures in Bulgaria’s National Air Quality Improvement Program and National Air Pollution Control Program
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-06) World Bank
    These programs have been prepared by the Government of Bulgaria (GoB) with technical support by the World Bank. In the course of the work it became clear that national and local institutions would face multi- faceted challenges in implementing the NAQIP and NAPCP, relating mainly to overcoming financial, administrative, and technical difficulties. The swift evolution of EU policy frameworks for countering climate change, improving energy security, reducing energy poverty, as well as the need to improve health and wellbeing in Bulgaria, add to those challenges though they may be regarded instead as presenting significant economic opportunities. The NAQIP proposes measures for phasing out the use of thermally inefficient, polluting old stoves and boilers that burn solid fuels, replacing them with cleaner, more efficient heating arrangements. It is expected that the measures will reduce PM10 emissions from the residential heating sector by about 78 percent. Other measures target the road transport sector though its contribution to local emissions is minor in comparison. The NAPCP focuses on meeting air pollutant emission targets for 2030 as required in the Revised NECD. NAQIP measures to reduce PM10 emissions from the residential heating sector are incorporated in full in the NAPCP. Other sectors where policies and measures to reduce emissions were considered have included large combustion plants in the power generation and industrial sectors, road transport, agriculture, and industrial processes. The preparation of these two programs was complemented by capacity strengthening, including the development of tools to help municipalities undertake essential planning and project preparation. All guidance documentation to accompany the tools were collated to form a Resource Toolkit. Communication and coordination issues were also tackled in the engagement.