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The Global Findex Database 2021: Financial Inclusion, Digital Payments, and Resilience in the Age of COVID-19(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022-06-29) Demirguc-Kunt, Asli ; Klapper, Leora ; Singer, Dorothe ; Ansar, Saniya ; Singer, DorotheThe fourth edition of the Global Findex offers a lens into how people accessed and used financial services during the COVID-19 pandemic, when mobility restrictions and health policies drove increased demand for digital services of all kinds. The Global Findex is the world’s most comprehensive database on financial inclusion. It is also the only global demand-side data source allowing for global and regional cross-country analysis to provide a rigorous and multidimensional picture of how adults save, borrow, make payments, and manage financial risks. Global Findex 2021 data were collected from national representative surveys of about 128,000 adults in more than 120 economies. The latest edition follows the 2011, 2014, and 2017 editions, and it includes a number of new series measuring financial health and resilience and contains more granular data on digital payment adoption, including merchant and government payments. The Global Findex is an indispensable resource for financial service practitioners, policy makers, researchers, and development professionals.
Publication( 2005-01-01) Bose, PurabiIn recent years, the notion of doing research with multiple partners has become an important concept in international development. This reflects the belief that partnerships are important for solving complex problems, reducing costs and competition for the same resources, increasing efficiency and ownership, and ensuring greater accountability. The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) was established in 1993 by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in response to global concerns about the social, environmental and economic consequences of forest loss and degradation. CIFOR's statutes define its mission as 'to contribute to the sustained well-being of people in developing countries, particularly in the tropics, through collaborative strategic and applied research and related activities in forest systems and forestry, and by promoting the transfer of appropriate new technologies and the adoption of new methods o/social organizations, for national development: CIFOR research produces the knowledge and methods needed to improve the well-being of forest-dependent people and to help tropical countries manage their forests wisely for sustained benefits. This research is undertaken in partnership. At any given time, more than 100 developing-country researchers participate in CIFOR research projects. This publication is an initial attempt to explore partners' experience of carrying out research in collaboration with CIFOR. The first part of the document introduces CIFOR's collaborative strategy and the partnership framework used for this study. 'The second section presents the study's objectives, approach and findings. The third and final section analyses the results and the implication of the study's findings for CIFOR and its partners.
Publication( 2005-01-01) Aryal, Baikuntha ; Angelsen, ArildThe Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) receives its major funding from governments, international development organizations, private foundations and regional organizations. This study analyzed journal citations of CIFOR publications, using the International Statistical Institute (ISI) web of Science database. CIFOR research and publications have an impact on the scientific community? One way to answer this question is by counting citations of CIFOR publications in academic journals. Citation counting is commonly used 'to assess the academic performance of individual researchers, departments and research institutions when making decisions about funding, hiring, promotion and tenure In the present study we used the citation database of the ISI web of Science. This includes all the major journals, and is the most complete database for this purpose. It includes citations of all types of publication, but only those appearing in journal articles. Thus, a journal article citing a CIFOR Occasional Paper (OP) is registered, while the citation of a journal article in a CIFOR OP is not. An important constraint on this exercise was the fact that accumulating citations takes time. Thus, nine of the top ten publications are from 1998 or earlier. In other words, it is too early to assess the scientific impact of publications from the last 4-5 years. The statistical work was carried out in June-July 2004. The number of citations increases weekly and this report shows the status as at mid- June 2004.
Publication(World Bank, 2000) Granzow, SandraReducing poverty is a complex and difficult challenge. Poverty has many dimensions. It certainly involves lack of human and physical assets and inadequate material means to acquire food and other necessities. But it also means vulnerability to ill-health, drought, job loss, economic decline, violence, and societal conflict. And it often means a deep condition of disempowerment, even humiliation. The history of poverty during the past few decades is diverse: great advances in some dimensions in some regions, but stagnation, even reversals, in others. Progress requires effective public action at both the national and local levels, but this action is in turn profoundly influenced by how a society functions and by the public, private, and nongovernment institutions within a country. And action within a country is powerfully affected by international conditions. The programs and projects presented in this book were selected by a team representing the staff association, the poverty reduction and economic management network, and the external affairs department of the World Bank. To be included, activities had to show poverty impact. Activities still under way had to hold the promise of enhancing the well-being of the poor and contain effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms so that changes could be made along the way if needed. The country cases presented also include methods for monitoring and evaluation. Impact is what counts. This volume not only shows that effective public action can make a difference to poverty in all its complexity; it also highlights the importance of understanding the impact of development measures on the poor.