Other Agriculture Study

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  • Publication
    Enhancing Climate-Smart Outcomes from Livestock Systems: A How-To Guide Following the Project Cycle
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-05-23) World Bank
    The program on climate smart livestock (PCSL), jointly implemented by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), and the World Bank, aims to ensure that key actors in the livestock sector increasingly include climate-change adaptation and mitigation in their farming practices, sector strategies and investment projects. Building on lessons learned through the implementation of PCSL, the objectives of this guidance note are to: (1) enable project task teams from the World Bank and other institutions to enhance and track project contributions to climate-smart livestock outcomes; and (2) improve the capacity of project teams to leverage existing products and tools to support climate-smart livestock development. This guidance note can contribute to increasing the level of climate ambition (including through Paris Alignment) and to guiding investments from the World Bank and other International Financial Institutions (IFIs) towards more sustainable livestock portfolios. The note covers the three objectives of CSL: productivity enhancement, adaptation to climate change, and mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and other environmental impacts. Chapter 1 gives introduction. In chapter 2, each objective is described, and methodological elements are provided for assessing CSL performance, including relevant indicators. The next chapters provide guidance along the project cycle, starting with project preparation and then moving to implementation stage and evaluation. The annexes provide practical examples and templates to assist project teams in incorporating CSL into their practices.
  • Publication
    Towards a More Competitive, Inclusive, and Resilient Agrifood Sector in Argentina
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-05) World Bank
    Argentina’s agrifood sector drives both prosperity and crisis. While agrifood generates essential foreign currency earnings, tax revenue and employment, the sector’s vulnerability to external shocks can wreak havoc on the larger economy. This agriculture sector review addresses the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of Argentina’s agrifood sector. The economic dimension is vital, due to the influence of agrifood productivity and its growth on Argentina’s macroeconomy. The social, or inclusion, dimension highlights the potential to improve the livelihoods of the rural poor as well as access to affordable food for the urban poor. Finally, the environmental dimension examines the urgent need to increase the resilience of agricultural production systems and support their adaptation to climate change, as well as the agrifood sector’s potential to mitigate climate change and other externalities. This summary report is based on a series of more detailed sectoral background papers and is aimed at public sector policymakers and other key stakeholders, with the goal of identifying potential reforms in public policies and programs and contributing to the development of a new shared vision for the Argentine agrifood sector.
  • Publication
    A Retrospective of Lending for Irrigation - Reflections on 70 Years of Bank Experience
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-03) Plusquellec, Hervé
    In major parts of the world, irrigation development has reached its limits in terms of land and water resources, as evident in the alarming overexploitation of groundwater resources and the deterioration of their quality. In other parts, intensification with sustainable and smart irrigation solutions is the most viable way to build climate resilience and combat food insecurity. This report advocates for 1) improving the quality of irrigation services through a combination of better design, adoption of modern technologies, and attuned operation and maintenance and 2) a bold risk-taking approach to irrigation modernization and sustainable expansion based on lessons learned by restoring legitimacy through strong technical, institutional, and economic engagement in reforming the subsector.
  • Publication
    Agriculture, Water, and Land Policies to Scale Up Sustainable Agrifood Systems in Georgia: Synthesis Report and Way Forward
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022) World Bank
    This Synthesis report summarizes the main constraints and opportunities that Georgia faces in amplifying the contribution of the agriculture sector to the country’s economic growth and diversification, employment creation, poverty reduction, food security and nutrition, and climate resilience and mitigation. Successful achievement of these multiple objectives, however, requires an integrated set of multi-sectoral policies. Synergistic public and private investments in agriculture, water, and land can lead to increased production and productivity by transitioning from low returns from agriculture to high-value crop production.
  • Publication
    Regional Risks to Agriculture in West Africa: Agricultural Risk Impacts, Management Measures, and Financing Mechanisms Through a Regional Lens
    (Washington, DC, 2020-12-31) World Bank
    Agriculture is an increasingly risky business in much of the world, including the West African region. The World Bank has developed an Agricultural Risk Management (ARM) framework that assesses risks in systemic production, markets, and enabling environments to understand their total sectoral impacts and to prioritize them. Prioritizing risks improves targeting of risk management measures so that scarce resources can be allocated where they have the most impact. It also helps identify how to align other agriculture, environment, and social protection policies to manage existing risks. These risks are usually identified and managed at national levels, and the three key types are production risks, market risks, and enabling environment risks. This report focuses on how West African countries can benefit from collaboration in managing agrifood system risks and on the resulting need to adapt a regional lens to the ARM framework. Since both crop-specific growing areas and the risks they face often span national borders, there are substantial advantages that can be gained by stronger collaboration. There is a need to build layered approaches to manage risk that combine risk-mitigating, risk-transfer, and risk-coping instruments. These risk management approaches are needed within countries, with regional approaches building on national efforts. This report provides a foundational analysis to begin identifying needed actions for West African countries and at regional levels.
  • Publication
    Rice in the Shadow of Skyscrapers : Policy Choices in a Dynamic East and Southeast Asian Setting
    (FAO, Rome, 2014) Dawe, David; Jaffee, Steven; Santos, Nuno
  • Publication
    Enhancing Carbon Stocks and Reducing CO2 Emissions in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Projects: Toolkit
    (Washington, DC, 2012-02) World Bank
    There is global interest in promoting mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, forest, and other land-use (AFOLU) sectors to address the twin goals of climate change and sustainable development. This guideline deals with how to enhance carbon stocks in general in all land-based projects and its specific relationship with agriculture productivity. It outlines specific steps and procedures that need to be followed by project proponents and managers of land-based projects to enhance carbon stocks synergistically with increasing crop productivity. This guideline for carbon stock enhancement or CO2 emission reduction in agriculture and natural resource management (NRM) projects covering all land-use sectors presents two approaches. The first approach is a generic one covering all the land categories and interventions aimed at promoting the economic benefits (crop, timber, and non-timber wood product production, and employment or livelihood generation) and environmental benefits (soil and water conservation, land reclamation, and biodiversity protection) of a project, synergistically optimizing carbon stock enhancement as a co-benefit. The second approach provides guidelines for project developers to maximize project C-benefits along with promoting high-value cropping systems and production practices appropriate for a given agro-ecological region as well as to meet the needs of the local stakeholders, such as farmers or landless laborers. An illustration of the two approaches is presented at the end of the executive summary. The guidelines provide methods for selection and incorporation of carbon stock enhancement modules and practices along with methods for estimation and monitoring of carbon stock changes as well as assessment of social and economic implications of carbon enhancement (C-enhancement) interventions.