Other Agriculture Study

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  • Publication
    Agriculture in Nicaragua: Performance, Challenges, and Options
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-11) Piccioni, Norman Bentley
    This work summarizes background papers prepared for the World Bank Group with significant input from government counterparts and other development partners. It takes stock of major recent developments and argues that a lot has been achieved in the last decade in terms of production of commodities for export and food consumption, with favorable impact on rural poverty reduction. It also argues that the two factors driving the recent agricultural performance, namely favorable international prices and expansion of the agricultural frontier, have reached their limits. So while trade policies are broadly on target, much can be done by focusing on the productivity of small family agriculture and improving competitiveness by reducing transaction costs (logistics) affecting small, medium, and large commercial farms. In the short to medium term, the household income of the rural poor will continue to depend largely on agriculture. Thus interventions will need to take into account the heterogeneity of smallholder agriculture while simultaneously increasing its resilience to climate risks through climate-smart agriculture.
  • Publication
    Agro-Logistics for Nutmeg and Cocoa Exports from Grenada : A Logistics Chain Approach
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-06) Fries, Gwyneth; Weiss, Eli; White, Kendra
    This study is designed to build a link between the study and improvement of agriculture and that of logistics for agricultural exports, and complements the Grenada Small Farmer Vulnerability Reduction project. The objective of logistics chain analysis (LCA) is to understand product movement for two of Grenada's primary agricultural exports and identify opportunities to enhance competitiveness for these and other products by improving logistics. Logistics refers to the infrastructure, machinery, related services, and information systems that allow products to move from the original point of production to the final point of consumption. The analysis identifies where logistics inefficiencies, from the farm gate to the port of exit, increase logistics expenses, travel times, and uncertainty. A strategic plan to increase agricultural exports must involve coordinated public and private investments in the infrastructure, equipment and services necessary for exporters to load and unload products at their own warehouses. Further diagnostic work will be needed to identify the proper technical projects and investments, assess their potential costs and impacts for nutmeg and cocoa exports, as well as for agricultural exports in general.
  • Publication
    Agricultural Risk Management in the Caribbean : Lessons and Experiences, 2009-2012
    (Washington, DC, 2012-10) World Bank
    The purpose of this report is to summarize the main results and lessons learned during the implementation of the World Bank technical assistance (TA), which are valuable to the ongoing discussion on agricultural risk management in the region. The report is organized as follows. Section two summarizes the program risk management strategies, including initial objectives and final outcomes. In particular, it describes how these objectives change in order to respond to the countries' particular demands. Section three presents the methodology and basic principles applied in the four stages of the program implementation. Six country cases are summarized in section four with a complete description of final outputs and recommendations. Finally, section five presents the main conclusions and lessons learned.
  • Publication
    Jamaica : Weather Insurance for the Coffee Sector Feasibility Study
    (Washington, DC, 2011-10-31) World Bank
    The present report is intended as a technical, organizational and financial summary of the feasibility study to review options and to make decisions on whether or not this program meets the needs of the industry. It is recognized that decisions on whether or not to proceed towards a future insurance program will require significant consultation with farmers and processors, and an agreement on an implementation plan, including decisions on pilot testing. Chapter two describes the risk modeling undertaken during the study and the outputs. These outputs are used to define key elements of a parametric insurance product, such as zoning of coffee farmers within the blue mountain area, the frequency and severity of the wind hazard, and how the expected impact of those hazards was estimated by division into altitude bands to create vulnerability profiles. Finally the outputs can be used to price different insurance options. Chapter three considers the organizational options and requirements to deliver a parametric insurance product to coffee farmers, and some financial implications including structuring insurance and reinsurance protection. Chapter four considers the issues and steps which will be needed for implementation, including options for piloting and scaling up, and legal and regulatory requirements.
  • Publication
    Chile’s Agricultural Innovation System : An Action Plan Towards 2030
    (World Bank, 2011-06-10) World Bank
    The report builds on the 'towards a vision for agricultural innovation in Chile in 2030' report and is further based on a series of background papers and a consultation process that took place between December 2010 and May 2011. The current study is the third in a series of three that were agreed between the Government of Chile and the World Bank to support the development of a long-term agricultural innovation strategy. The first paper reviewed the functioning of the three main public technological institutes and recommended how their performance can be improved. The second study explored the future of Chile's agriculture towards 2030, using scenario planning and developing a vision for the future of its agricultural innovation system. This paper is based on the results of the former two studies, as well as a set of background documents and further consultations, and will outline the action plan required to achieve the aforementioned vision. The objective of this action plan is to enhance the capacity of Chile's agricultural innovation system in order to achieve the goals as laid out in the vision for the sector for the year 2030. It builds on the current strengths of the agricultural innovation system and elaborates on the main actions needed to address the priority topics. Five principles serve as the foundation of the plan: recognizing national and regional responsibilities; distinguishing public and private roles; diversity; excellence; and institutional integration. Most of the actions can be implemented between 2011 and 2015 and consolidated in the next five years. After 2020, plans and activities can be revised in the light of the progress obtained up to that moment.
  • Publication
    Towards a Vision for Agricultural Innovation in Chile in 2030
    (World Bank, 2011-05-31) World Bank
    This paper aims to develop a vision statement for the agricultural sector that may then guide the future investments in Chile's agricultural innovation system, A joint and shared perspective on how the sector might look and what role agricultural innovation should play in getting there is a prerequisite for any effective strategy. But developing such a vision is not only a function of what the country wants: it also depends on the context in which Chile's agricultural sector will find itself. This paper therefore reports on a participatory process to explore the many uncertainties that surround Chile's agriculture and to derive possible implications and answers. This will then lead to a vision for the sector that should be realistic both in terms of Chile's agricultural ambitions and its surrounding uncertainties. Based on the vision, a series of topics that needs to be explored in the agricultural innovation system if Chile wishes to make its vision come true will be identified and briefly described. The current paper is the second one in a series of three that were agreed between the Government of Chile and the World Bank to support the development of a long term agricultural innovation strategy. The first paper reviewed the functioning of the three main public technological institutes and made recommendations on how their performance can be improved. This second study explores the future of Chile's agriculture towards 2030, using a scenario planning methodology and developing a vision for the future of its agricultural innovation system. The third study will then outline a concrete action plan to make progress on the main topics that need to be addressed in order to achieve the vision.
  • Publication
    Uruguay : Family Agriculture Development
    (Washington, DC, 2010-06) World Bank
    The bank has a long relationship with Uruguay's agricultural sector, expanding over a period of more than 60 years in which several projects and various analytical and advisory assistance initiatives have been implemented. The main purposes of the present report are: a) to analyze the main characteristics of family agriculture as well as its development potential and constraints; b) to examine Uruguay's current agricultural policy and institutional framework; c) present a set of measures aimed at reducing vulnerabilities and increasing development opportunities for family producers; and d) contribute to Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fishery's (MGAP's) preparation of an agricultural and rural development plan 2010-15, by presenting a set of policy recommendations and measures to support an economic and environmentally sustainable family agriculture development within the Government's overall strategy to promote more equitable rural development. Uruguay's agricultural and food sector has successfully mastered past crises and retained its role as an important sector of the national economy, which saw its contribution to Gross Domestic product (GDP) increased from 6.0 percent during the economic crisis in 2000-2001 to 9.1 percent of national GDP, or 13.7 percent including agro-food processing, in 2008.
  • Publication
    Guyana : Agricultural Insurance Component Pre-feasibility Study Report
    (Washington, DC, 2010-05) World Bank
    The objective of the Agricultural Insurance pre-feasibility study is to identify the institutional, operational, technical and financial challenges for the development of agricultural risk transfer solutions and insurance for rice, fruit and vegetables, livestock, and the aquaculture sector in Guyana. The specific objectives of the study include: (i) to identify the production systems, constraints and risks faced by farmers in Guyana; (ii) to assess the institutional, operational and financial capacity in Guyana to manage an agricultural insurance scheme for the selected activities; (iii) to evaluate the availability of information and collect technical data and information needed for the development of an agricultural insurance scheme for the selected activities; (iv) to assess the potential interest of the possible stakeholders that might get involved in the development of an agricultural insurance scheme in Guyana. This report draws heavily on international experience. International experience on agricultural insurance is vast, as it is currently being implemented in more than 100 countries around the world. This study benefits from this experience, which has been tailored to the local economic and social context of Guyana.
  • Publication
    Haiti Coffee Supply Chain Risk Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2010-03) World Bank
    Coffee is an ecologically and economically significant crop for Haiti. It is not only the main source of income for more than 100,000 farmers, but the coffee ecosystem also sustains a large part of the remaining tree cover (currently at less than 1.5 percent of land) of the country. This report does not aim to detail the structural constraints impacting upon the Haitian coffee sub-sector. Instead, it describes the risks affecting the existing supply chain in terms of their potential impact and prioritizes the risks and areas requiring attention for risk management, investment, and capacity building. The Haitian coffee industry is constrained by significant systemic problems which have contributed to its decline over the years. Some of these major constraints include: (1) the structure of the coffee creole garden which contributes to low on-farm coffee productivity; (2) a land tenure system which inhibits long term investment; (3) poor transportation and logistics infrastructure; (4) limited access to credit and high interest rates; (5) aging coffee trees and farmers; (6) waning government interest and support for the coffee sub-sector; (7) lack of industry level coordination; and (8) a lack of international and domestic promotion of the Haitian coffee industry.
  • Publication
    Jamaica : Toward a Strategy for Financial Weather Risk Management in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-11) World Bank
    This report forms part of the technical assistance provided by the World Bank under the Non-lending Technical Assistance Program for the Caribbean 'market-based agriculture risk management in the Caribbean.' The program is largely financed by the European Union All Agriculture Commodities Program (AACP) Initiative and contributions from the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) and the World Bank. This document provides technical input for designing a national strategy for addressing the financial weather risks facing the agricultural sector of Jamaica. As such, it identifies the various options from current available financial risk transfer instruments for addressing crop weather risks for small farmers (livestock risks are not directly addressed in this report) and identifies the public investments needed for supporting market development of the agricultural insurance market. The report is structured in five sections to facilitate its presentation. The first two sections present a snapshot of the Jamaican economy and agricultural sector, and the current situation of agricultural insurance; third section addresses a set of key issues for designing a government strategy for agricultural financial weather risk management; fourth section contains the elements of public policy and investments to support market development for agricultural insurance, and various illustrations of how to structure financial weather risk management instruments for the sector. The report concludes with a short section containing final remarks and recommendations.