Items in this collection
PublicationSuccess Factors for Improving Logistics in a Middle-Income Country(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-10) Raballand, Gaël; Arvis, Jean-FrançoisThis note presents the main lessons drawn from an analytical and sector work on trade logistics in Morocco. Public and private counterparts recognized the positive impact of the World Bank's report to catalyze and accelerate reforms' pace and to facilitate cooperation between public and private parties involved in logistics reforms. A careful preparation process and a strong buy-in from public and private stakeholders involved in logistics in Morocco made this Economic Sector Work (ESW) successful. To achieve this outcome, the Bank team based efforts on a tailored approach to commission background studies, knowledge dissemination during preparatory work and a detailed action plan in order to create a rapid and positive impact on improving logistics. The Moroccan example also demonstrates that, in a middle-income country, detailed and relevant action plan under a strong political willingness and commitment to reform can achieve rapid and significant results. PublicationTransport as a Factor in the Investment Climate(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-08) Aoki, Naomi; Roberts, PeterThis Note shows how, through a process of consultation between the World Bank Transport Sector and Private Sector Department, some focus on transport has been introduced into the Global "core" module of the Investment Climate Survey. The Note also shows the scope for achieving much more focus on specific transport constraints in Investment Climate Assessments for countries where these are expected to be particularly important. Examples are given of questionnaires which have been developed to complement the "core" module and specifically to meet the needs of two Regions, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, where different aspects of transport have been identified as significant considerations for investors. For Africa the focus is on the availability of suitable transport services. For Latin America the emphasis is rather on the role of transport in influencing the location of enterprises. Application of these revised questionnaires will provide more data on the contribution of transport to doing business in different countries. PublicationHow a Road Agency Can Transform Force Account Road Maintenance to Contracting(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-06) Andreski, Adam; Seth, Subhash; Walker, WendyRecent international trends in the reform of road management, point to the need to transform force account road maintenance services. With Force Account, funding tends to be erratic; management of equipment and its support facilities inadequate, planning, supervision and execution require high standards of staffing, quality control may be poor; and reporting systems weak. Contracted works have the advantages that payment of work is done to specification, rates are known making budgeting and planning easier, risk is transferred from the Public Sector to the Private Sector, and the profit motive tends to promote efficiency and reduce unnecessary waste. An International Labour Organization study in Cambodia found that contracted road maintenance is 24 percent cheaper than force account and Talvitie found contracting out gave 5-15 percent in efficiency gains. Many countries have already gone through this process and every country has a different experience. This paper brings a systematic approach with a focus on situation analysis, identification of options, developing transformation strategy, addressing social issues, management options, and monitoring efficiency and effectiveness of the program. PublicationData Collection Technologies for Road Management(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-05) Bennett, Christopher R.; De Solminihac, Hernán; Chamorro, AlondraDifferent types of data are required for managing the road infrastructure. Inventory data describe the physical elements of a road system. Condition data describe the condition of elements that can be expected to change over time. There are a wide range of technologies available to the road manager for measuring attributes of the road network. The challenge is to select the appropriate equipment, given local conditions and the way in which the data are expected to be used. The purpose of this note is to give a general view of the currently available survey technologies applied to pavements, bridges and traffic. This includes an assessment of the applicability of these technologies in developing countries. The goal is to assist managers in establishing an appropriate and sustainable e data collection program and procuring the appropriate equipment to collect the data. This note is a summary of the report 'Data Collection Technologies for Road Management' (see report no. 37372). The note opens with a discussion of data collection requirements. This is then followed by separate discussions on pavements, bridges and traffic survey technologies. A cost/performance analysis between available equipment is presented in each section. Finally, recommendations for data collection are presented as a guidance to managers in developing countries. PublicationSurfacing Alternatives for Unsealed Rural Roads(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-05) Henning, Theuns; Kadar, Peter; Bennett, Christopher R.Despite extensive road construction programs over the last century, a substantial proportion of roads remained unsealed especially in developing and emerging economies. As these economies develop, the demand arises to seal previously unsealed roads. The most economical transition point between unsealed and sealed roads depends on many conditions that need to be evaluated. The purpose of this Note is to provide guidance for decision makers, engineers and administrators on selecting the most appropriate surface for unsealed road given the prevailing conditions. It is based on the report "Surfacing Alternatives for Unsealed Roads" (report 37192). PublicationHighway and Railway Development in India and China, 1992-2002(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-05) Harral, Clel; Sondhi, Jit; Guang Zhe ChenThis Note compares the development of highway and railway infrastructure in India and China during 1992 and 2002. It examines key strategies pursued by the countries including China's highway financing schemes; China's planning, design, tendering, and supervision of construction; potential lessons learned from India's highway sector development; the comparative financial and operational performance of the two countries; and lessons learned from China railways, particularly its ability to achieve to achieve higher output and productivity. PublicationSuccess Factors for Road Management Systems(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-02) McPherson, Kevin; Bennett, Christopher R.Over the last 20 years most road agencies have implemented some form of computerized road management system (RMS). The purpose of these systems is to assist the road agency in the planning and prioritization of road investments. While some systems have been successful, there have also been many which have failed in one or more areas. This is in spite of large investments of time and money. While it is often easy to identify the symptoms of failure, the causes are often complex and multi-layered. However, for every failed system, there is a more successful implementation somewhere in the world, in an agency that often suffers from similar problems and constraints. This Note describes the different factors associated with successful RMS implementations. It is a summary of the report Success Factors for Road Management Systems.