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Publication(International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC, 2020-01) Graham, JohnWhat are the critical questions to ask if one is contemplating an e-vehicle program? Based on the technical and business proposals International Finance Corporation (IFC) has seen so far, this report presents some factors for e-bus proposals. The broad-based electrification of buses and other urban transport represents a massive investment opportunity for IFC and other investors to invest in higher quality, sustainable transport while addressing climate change and improving air quality. At the same time, this sector is beset with some of the trickiest issues related to transport infrastructure, power, municipal finance, and even local politics.
Publication(International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC, 2020-01) Graham, JohnElectric buses have been the fastest-growing electric vehicle segment over the past five years by a wide margin. The market is changing quickly as both national and local governments make new commitments to address climate change and the horrific air quality conditions that plague some cities. To convert these ambitious commitments into reality, there is need of investable and bankable business models that work on a standalone basis. The state-heavy model, complete with lavish subsidies, won’t work for developing countries. So, the marketplace needs to invent the wheel here. Based on the early work on electric vehicles, what are some of the business models taking shape are presented in the report.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-04) World Bank GroupIn Pacific Island Countries, high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and natural disasters means that such events can have devastating social and economic impacts when critical infrastructure is compromised. This has been apparent in countries where severe disruptions to road networks have resulted in a loss of access to basic infrastructure and services. Building resilience is therefore a prerequisite for long-term sustainable development, and Governments will increasingly seek tools that can help guide investment and policy decisions by considering the effects of climate change and natural disasters. Among such tools are road network vulnerability assessments, which provide a means to design and maintain a climate resilient network. This articlehighlights the process and lessons learned from the Vulnerability Assessment and Climate Resilient Road Strategy of the Samoan road network, and outlines a replicable approach for small island nations with acute capacity challenges that seek to balance analytical rigor with the need for practicality.