Items in this collection

Now showing 1 - 10 of 23
  • Publication
    Governance for Quality in Higher Education in Odisha, India
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-08) World Bank Group
    The rise of the global economy, where social and economic development are driven by knowledge coupled with the information and technology revolution, signifies that tertiary education everywhere cannot continue with business as usual. The hope is that by creating, applying and disseminating new ideas and technologies to greater numbers, higher education systems will graduate a skilled, flexible and productive work force. The scope of the study includes primarily the governance and management system across the Higher Education (HE) sector in Odisha; the current Quality Assurance System (QAS) including affiliation and accreditation and the inter-relationship between QAS and HE governance system; issues associated with autonomy in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Odisha; the existing policy and legal environment in view of systemic transformation of governance for excellence; and international experience of good practices of governance and management system focusing on quality assurance. This paper aims: to describe and analyze the state of governance in Odisha higher education with special focus on the role of the higher education department of the GoO, university management, college management and the relationship between these structures; to analyze and re-examine the concept of increased autonomy for HEIs in Odisha; and to make recommendations on how to improve efficiency, effectiveness and accountability for increased autonomy in higher education governance.
  • Publication
    The Imperative of Skills Development for the Structural Transformation of Sub-Saharan Africa: Potential for China-World Bank-Africa Collaboration
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-05) Bashir, Sajitha
    This paper proposes three ways in which China and the World Bank could collaborate in the area of skills development in Africa, building on the experience of both and recent efforts at collaboration. First, under the PASET initiative, China and the World Bank could undertake joint analytical work to assess the skills needs for different sectors in individual countries, continue the benchmarking of African universities piloted with Shanghai Jiao Tong University, share the development experience of China through targeted learning visits, and share experiences in skills development through regional forums. Second, China could support the regional initiatives of the PASET such as the establishment of the Regional Scholarship Fund for postgraduate studies in applied sciences, engineering and technology; the proposed regional TVET centres of excellence; and co-financing of the regional Africa Centres of Excellence project, currently financed by the World Bank. This would supplement China’s on-going investments, which could also benefit from the experience of well-designed programs with strong monitoring and evaluation. Third, China could co-finance country-level projects which are being prepared with World Bank assistance, focusing on technical/vocational and higher education. This will enable Chinese Ministries and institutions to learn from the experience of the World Bank and contribute to the development of the education and training system in Sub-Saharan African countries, while also contributing China’s experience in a concrete fashion.
  • Publication
    Intelligence, Personality, and Creativity : Unleashing the Power of Intelligence and Personality Traits to Build a Creative and Innovative Economy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-11-04) King, Elizabeth; Rogers, Halsey
    Cognitive ability, as measured by IQ and background factors such as socioeconomic status and demographics have historically been seen as the principal determinants of a student s academic success. However, a growing body of research from psychology, education, behavioral economics and neuroscience is showing that personality traits also predict academic and work performance. This change in paradigm suggests that education systems face a more complex challenge than traditionally recognized: to work not only with the different types of intelligence possessed by students but also with their different personality traits in order to produce academic success measured by cognitive and non-cognitive skills. This paper reviews the research findings from the different literatures (psychology, education, behavioral economics, and neuroscience) that relate to these questions. Several good reviews summarize the findings on aspects of these questions, but rarely address all of the questions above. In particular, those reviews do not shed light on how education can improve both cognitive and non-cognitive skills and how such skills promote creativity and labor market outcomes. The scientific literatures on human intelligence and personality are large, but our focus is on the subset of research findings that relate intelligence and personality to academic performance. Likewise, the literature on creativity, innovation, and productivity is extensive, but our focus will be on the research findings that relate academic performance to creativity and, ultimately, to productivity in the workplace.
  • Publication
    Learning from Local Practices : Improving Student Performance in West Bank and Gaza
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-06-12) Yarrow, Noah; Abdul-Hamid, Husein; Quota, Manal; Cuadra, Ernesto; Yarrow, Noah
    The motivation for this study is to contribute to the preparation of the new Palestinian Education Strategy by shedding light on the school and classroom level factors that influence student learning, and to identify good practices that can be generalized from high-performing classrooms to those that need improvement. While most Palestinian children are in school, performance on assessments indicates that many of them are not learning as much as they could. This represents not only inefficiency in the use of public resources, but also a lost opportunity for individual students and the society as a whole. The current study was carried out by the Assessment and Evaluation Department (AED) of the Palestinian Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE) with technical and financial support from the World Bank. The analysis presented in this paper was prepared by the World Bank team as a complement to a previous paper prepared by a team of experts from AED. For the purposes of this study, schools were classified by student performance in TIMSS 2011 and the 2012 Palestinian national exams. Classroom and school-based tools were then used to gather information from both high and low-performing schools. A total of 122 public, private and United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) schools were surveyed using four different instruments: (i) stalling's classroom observations; (ii) school leadership survey; (iii) teacher survey; and, (iv) school facilities survey, which are all provided in annex one.
  • Publication
    Developing Skills for Economic Transformation and Social Harmony : Yunnan Province
    (Washington, DC, 2013-05-30) World Bank
    China has achieved impressive growth over the last three decades and has now become the second-largest economy in the world. To sustain its growth, China is transitioning from an investment-led, high-carbon growth model to a consumption-led, green growth model, less reliant on low-cost manufacturing and more on technology and innovation. Skills development has been a key factor enabling China's unprecedented growth, and will continue to play a vital role in sustaining its ongoing economic transformation and pursuit of a harmonious society. The study is aimed at facilitating policy development leading to a demand-driven, high-quality, and equitable education and training system conducive to lifelong learning. The experience of Yunnan also sheds light on skills development in China, as the analysis in this report situates Yunnan in the broader national context. The intended audience includes policymakers in the Ministries of education, human resources and social security, agriculture, and finance, and the poverty alleviation office and national development and reform commission. The report would also be of interest to researchers and development workers interested in understanding skills development in China. This report consists of three parts. The first part, skills challenges: demand, gaps, and mismatch, examines the sources of the mismatch of supply and demand for skilled labor in Yunnan. The second part, education and training, sets out the challenges facing Yunnan as it seeks to strengthen the Technical and Vocational Training and Education (TVET) system, improve access to education and the quality of educational outputs, encourage more robust work-based and rural training, and invest additional resources in general education. Finally, in conclusions and policy implications, the report lays out specific policy proposals that cross both sector lines and address sector-specific issues.
  • Publication
    What Matters Most for Teacher Policies : A Framework Paper
    (Washington, DC, 2013-04) World Bank
    Over the past decade, both developed and developing countries have become growingly concerned with how to raise the effectiveness of teachers. The growing focus on the need to strengthen the teaching profession to ensure better education results has encountered the problem that evidence on the policies that raise teaching quality is scattered, incomplete and, in some cases, presents contradictory findings. This paper provides a framework for analyzing teacher policies in education systems around the world in order to support informed education policy decisions. It provides a lens through which governments, World Bank staff, and other interested parties can focus the attention on what the relevant dimensions regarding teacher policies are, what teacher policies seem to matter most to improve student learning, and how to think about prioritization among competing policy options for teacher policy reform. The systems approach for better education results (SABER) - teachers initiative aims to collect, analyze, synthesize, and disseminate comprehensive information on teacher policies across countries around the world. The focus of the paper is the description of the conceptual framework to analyze and assess teacher policies, as well as a review of the evidence base that supports it. The document is organized as follows: section one provides an overview of the general approach, main components, and objectives of the framework, as well as an explanation of the evidence base that supported its development. Section two focuses on the first component of the framework, and describes the categories that are relevant to produce a comprehensive descriptive account of the teacher policies that are in place in a given education system. Section three focuses on policy guidance. Section four concludes presenting an account of how the framework is expected to evolve as new evidence on teacher policies becomes available.
  • Publication
    System Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) : What Matters Most in Teacher Policies? A Framework for Building a More Effective Teaching Profession
    (Washington, DC, 2012-07) World Bank
    The document is organized as follows. Section one provides an overview of the general approach, main components and objectives of the framework, as well as an explanation of the evidence base that supported its development. Section two focuses on the first component of the framework, and describes the categories that are relevant to produce a comprehensive descriptive account of the teacher policies that are in place in a given education system. Section three, in turn, focuses on policy guidance. It reviews those policies that, based on the available evidence to date, are known to matter most to improve student outcomes. It describes in detail the evidence supporting each of these policies, as well as the ways in which high performing education systems combine them to ensure outstanding student outcomes. The document concludes presenting an account of how the framework is expected to evolve as new evidence on teacher policies becomes available.
  • Publication
    Better Jobs in Central America : The Role of Human Capital
    (Washington, DC, 2012-05) World Bank
    The biggest challenge in terms of jobs in Central America is to create better conditions to stimulate more productive job creation in the context of a rapidly growing labor force. Overcoming this challenge will contribute to reducing poverty, inequality and social exclusion which are so entrenched in the Central American countries. To achieve this goal, Central America needs to address a two-pronged policy. First, the region must implement policies that help farmers and workers to move up the value chain, which means in some cases diversify the production structure by increasing the share of industry and services, and in other cases, it should improve the technological content and knowledge of existing activities to make them more productive (for example, agriculture). The paper is organized as follows: Section II describes the origin of the recent growth of the region and its impact on the labor market. Section III discusses the challenges of human capital faced by the region, and Sections IV and V provide governments with policy options for consideration.
  • Publication
    Rwanda - Education Country Status Report : Toward Quality Enhancement and Achievement of Universal Nine Year Basic Education - An Education System in Transition; A Nation in Transition
    (World Bank, 2011-01-01) World Bank
    The Republic of Rwanda is a relatively small country located in Central Africa with a population of approximately 10 million people, making it one of the more densely populated countries in the world. The current government is taking positive steps to helps the country emerge from its tragic past, and aims to promote reconciliation and unity among all Rwandese and forbids any political activity or discrimination based on race, ethnicity, or relation. The government's effort to deliver basic public services to its population, including education, also follow the spirit of inclusiveness and aims to diminish gender, socioeconomic and geographic disparities. Rwanda's development agenda is entering a new phase as it transitions from post-genocide recovery to producing a population that is regionally and globally competitive and economically and socially secure. The education sector plays a significant role in fulfilling the national agenda. This Country Status Report (CSR) takes stock of recent progress and identifies a new generation of challenges facing the education sector, particularly in the context of ongoing decentralization and the government's recent initiative to extend basic education to nine years of schooling.
  • Publication
    Quality of education in Colombia - Achievements and challenges ahead : analysis of the results of TIMSS 1995-2007
    (World Bank, 2010-08-06) World Bank
    The main objective of this report is to analyze the effect of time changes and factors associated with student achievement in Colombia in order to foster policies to improve education quality that are grounded in research and the Colombian context. In 2007, Colombia participated for the second time in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), providing a first-time opportunity to analyze the effects of time changes on student achievement over a period (1995-2007) during which a number of education reforms were made. Using the TIMSS 2007 results offers a chance to deepen the study on the factors associated with learning in Colombia and to benchmark Colombia's education system against that of other countries. This effort began during the first phase of the Colombia Programmatic Quality and Relevance of Education Analytic and Advisory Activities (AAA), in which an analysis of Colombia's debut in the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), resulted in publication of, 'the quality of education in Colombia: an analysis and options for a policy agenda' report (hereafter, 'PISA report'). The present report builds on this work through an analysis of Colombia's participation in TIMSS 2007 in relation to its performance on TIMSS 1995, and reaffirms the urgent need for improved student learning outcomes in Colombia, further confirming a number of the policy options put forward in the PISA report to inform a future agenda for system design and reform.