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Gridlines share emerging knowledge on public-private partnership and give an overview of a wide selection of projects from various regions of the world. Gridlines are a publication of PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), a multi-donor technical assistance facility. Through technical assistance and knowledge dissemination PPIAF supports the efforts of policy makers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and others in designing and implementing strategies to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure.

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  • Publication
    Private Participation in Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia : A Look at Recent Trends
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-08) Vagliasindi, Maria; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    This note asserts that Eastern Europe and Central Asia is attracting more investment to infrastructure projects with private participation than any other developing region except Latin America. Members of the European Union (EU) and countries seeking membership account for most of the investment. The Russian Federation is emerging as a leader both in attracting private activity and in sponsoring projects in neighboring countries. Telecommunications and energy are the leading sectors. But new regulatory challenges are emerging as a result of exclusivity periods in telecommunications and greater market concentration and vertical reintegration in energy.
  • Publication
    Armenia Travels the Bumpy Road to All-Day Electricity Supply : How Perseverance Pays Off in Power Sector Reform
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-04) Sargsyan, Gevorg; Balabanyan, Ani; Hankinson, Denzel
    Armenia's power sector has suffered many setbacks: in the late 1980s an earthquake that took its major nuclear plant off-line, and in the early 1990s the collapse of the Soviet Union, economic blockade, and repeated sabotage of a new gas pipeline-all of which severely disrupted fuel supply. The government set out to reform and privatize the sector, persevering through setbacks and learning from initial failure. Its persistence paid off: today the system runs efficiently and delivers power 24 hours a day. The following lessons can be learned from Armenia's example: Political will is paramount; champions matter; initial failure may be better than not trying at all; frequent, substantive communications with bidders helps; a comprehensive, cross-sectoral approach to reform is beneficial; reform should start before privatization; donors should provide the right mix of support; and service quality matters most.