Gridlines

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Gridlines share emerging knowledge on public-private partnership and give an overview of a wide selection of projects from various regions of the world. Gridlines are a publication of PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), a multi-donor technical assistance facility. Through technical assistance and knowledge dissemination PPIAF supports the efforts of policy makers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and others in designing and implementing strategies to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure.

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Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    Water Operators from Emerging Markets : New Players for Public-Private Partnerships
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010-06) Marin, Philippe; Izaguirre, Ada Karina; Danilenko, Alexander
    In the 1990s a few multinationals dominated the market for public-private partnership (PPP) contracts in water. Yet in recent year's water operators from developing countries have won most of the new PPP contracts for the management of water utilities in countries as diverse as Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, India, Malaysia, and the Russian Federation. While the size of the market served by large foreign operators has remained stagnant since 2001, the population served by private operators from developing countries grew from 15 million to more than 70 million, or 40 percent of the market, by 2008. This big shift opens new perspectives on using PPPs as a tool to reform water utilities in the developing world.
  • Publication
    Recent Trends in Private Activity in Infrastructure : What the Shift Away from Risk Means for Policy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Mästle, Clemencia Torres de; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    In 2006, private participation in infrastructure continued its recovery for the third consecutive year from the steep downturn of the late 1990s. Activity was more evenly spread across all developing regions. However, it became more concentrated in less risky sub sectors, reflecting a lower appetite for risk among private investors. Greater selectivity has facilitated private sector's renewed interest, but it also raises questions about how governments can best tap private operators' abilities in high-need, high-risk areas such as water and electricity distribution. Recent projects in these areas indicate that the public sector together with the international financial institutions remains the main source of investment funding. As governments create arrangements to attract private participation, they also need to ensure an equitable distribution of benefits among investors, taxpayers, and service users.
  • Publication
    Worldwide Trends in Private Participation in Roads : Growing Activity, Growing Government Support
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Queiroz, Cesar; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    Private participation in roads revived strongly in developing countries in 2005-06. The activity was concentrated in green field projects and in Asia and Latin America. The main reason for the revival has been the willingness of governments to provide support needed to attract the private sector. Nevertheless, governments need to be aware of the potential risks of such support. And because of the monopolistic features of road projects, they also need to ensure good governance so that the public reaps the full benefits of the private sector's involvement.
  • Publication
    Private Participation in Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia : A Look at Recent Trends
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-08) Vagliasindi, Maria; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    This note asserts that Eastern Europe and Central Asia is attracting more investment to infrastructure projects with private participation than any other developing region except Latin America. Members of the European Union (EU) and countries seeking membership account for most of the investment. The Russian Federation is emerging as a leader both in attracting private activity and in sponsoring projects in neighboring countries. Telecommunications and energy are the leading sectors. But new regulatory challenges are emerging as a result of exclusivity periods in telecommunications and greater market concentration and vertical reintegration in energy.
  • Publication
    Private Participation in Electricity : The Challenge of Achieving Commercial Viability and Improving Services
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-05) Tenenbaum, Bernard; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    This document is about the private participation in electricity. Private activity in electricity in developing countries has stabilized at a modest level since 2001. Private activity also became more evenly distributed between International Development Association (IDA) countries and non IDA countries. Private activity in electricity remained concentrated in a few countries. Investors generally prefer greenfield projects structured as enclave projects, protected from many sector risks. Electricity is not the only infrastructure sector where this type of private investment predominates. Similar arrangements have emerged in water and sanitation, where greenfield water and sewage treatment plants sell to a single customer through government-supported take or pay agreements. Distribution is inherently riskier for investors because it involves selling to thousands of customers who purchase at prices that are highly visible and politically contentious. To attract investment in distribution, a new guarantee mechanism has been adopted. In overview, these projects usually provide protection from major risks through long-term contracts and often come with government payment guarantees. If there is to be significant and sustained private investment beyond greenfield generation projects, it will need to be built on a platform of commercially viable electricity distribution entities. If private participation can establish such entities, it will create the best foundation for future upstream private investment in generation.
  • Publication
    Revival of Private Participation in Developing Country Infrastructure
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-01) Kerf, Michel; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    Investment in private participation in infrastructure projects in developing countries in 2004 and 2005 increased sharply. Meanwhile, the distribution of investment across sectors and regions, and the allocation of risks between public and private parties, were shifting. Private sponsors started putting more emphasis on risk mitigation strategies. To take advantage of private sponsors' renewed interest in infrastructure projects, governments need to create risk sharing arrangements that attract private operators while also benefiting governments, taxpayers, and users.
  • Publication
    Private Participation in Water : Toward a New Generation of Projects
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-09) Marin, Philippe; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    In the water sector of developing countries the investment boom of the late 1990s has been followed by declining investment flows and the cancellation or distress of several high-profile projects. Enthusiasm has been replaced by doubts. But recent data paint a more nuanced picture. Activity in 2005 suggests that private participation in the water sector is entering a new phase. New private activity is focusing on smaller projects, a few countries, and bulk facilities. Contractual arrangements involving utilities are combining private operation with public financing. And new players are entering the market.