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Gridlines share emerging knowledge on public-private partnership and give an overview of a wide selection of projects from various regions of the world. Gridlines are a publication of PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), a multi-donor technical assistance facility. Through technical assistance and knowledge dissemination PPIAF supports the efforts of policy makers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and others in designing and implementing strategies to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure.

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 22
  • Publication
    Private Sector Participation in Urban Rail : Getting the Structure Right
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010-04) Menzies, Iain; Mandri-Perrott, Cledan
    There is growing interest in using rail transit, trams, metros, light rail, to solve urban transportation problems, particularly road congestion and air pollution. In developing urban rail projects, a range of major cities around the world have turned to public-private partnership models, to leverage both public and private resources and expertise. Dissecting the successes and failures of public-private urban rail schemes, this note examines how policy makers can best deal with the main risks involved in designing, procuring, and implementing such schemes. It also draws lessons on best practice in developing and managing contractual arrangements that can help ensure their success and sustainability.
  • Publication
    PPI in Poor Countries : How to Increase Private Participation in Infrastructure Management and Investment
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010-02) Leigland, James
    To overcome huge shortfalls in access to infrastructure services, poor countries need much higher investment levels and more expertise to build, operate, and maintain infrastructure facilities. The private sector is one source for such resources, and projects involving private participation in infrastructure (PPI) have increasingly been used in developing countries. But PPI investment has been much lower in poor countries than in better-off developing countries-and has been more affected by the global financial crisis. How can PPI projects play a larger role in improving infrastructure service provision in these countries?
  • Publication
    Private Participation in Transport : Lessons from Recent Experience in Europe and Central Asia
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2009-06) Monsalve, Carolina
    Facing fiscal constraints, many governments in Central and Eastern Europe and Southeastern Europe have pursued private finance for transport infrastructure more to move investments off budget than to improve efficiency and services. Results have been mixed and suggest a need to focus more on public-private partnerships (PPPs) that can achieve value for money. Today's economic environment will reduce the potential for PPP projects in the short term. Some PPP projects at an advanced stage of procurement may need additional public support, while ambitious projects may need to be phased to reduce their scale to what the market can absorb.
  • Publication
    What Drives Private Sector Exit from Infrastructure? Economic Crises and Other Factors in the Cancellation of Private Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2009-03) Harris, Clive; Pratap, Kumar V.
    The private sector exits only a fraction of private infrastructure projects before the contract ends. Yet such cancellations can have a sustained impact on a country's program of public-private partnerships, reducing the private sector's confidence in the government's commitment as well as the government's confidence in the robustness and "value for money" of these arrangements. Econometric analysis shows that macroeconomic shocks nearly double the cancellation rate. As today's global financial crisis greatly increases the cost, and reduces the availability, of project financing, the number of cancellations could grow. That would have implications for the role public-private partnerships can play in meeting the infrastructure needs of developing countries.
  • Publication
    The Changing Landscape of Infrastructure Finance in Africa : Nontraditional Sources Take on a Growing Role
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-10) Foster, Vivien
    Africa has traditionally depended on official development assistance to meet its infrastructure needs. But a growing share of the region's infrastructure finance is now coming from nontraditional sources. Leading this trend is non-Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) financiers, chiefly China, India, and Arab countries. While Arab funds have been operating in Africa for decades, China and India began to step up their involvement in the early 2000s. Flows from these non-OECD sources are now broadly comparable to traditional development assistance in dollars committed. The largest flows have gone to power especially hydropower and rail transport.
  • Publication
    China's Emerging Role in Africa : Part of the Changing Landscape of Infrastructure Finance
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-10) Foster, Vivien; Chen, Chuan; Pushak, Nataliya
    In 2006, which China named the "Year of Africa," it quadrupled its investment commitments to infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa, to more than $7 billion. In 2007 China committed another $4.5 billion. Such funds could make a significant contribution toward meeting Africa's infrastructure investment needs. In the power sector, where Africa faces some of its largest gaps, China is investing $5.3 billion, including $3.3 billion in projects that, if completed, will increase the region's hydro generation capacity by 30 percent. China's growing role in Africa has generated much discussion. A new study seeks to add concrete numbers and solid analysis.
  • Publication
    Unlocking Land Values to Finance Urban Infrastructure : Land-Based Financing Options for Cities
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-08) Peterson, George E.
    Raising capital to finance urban infrastructure is a challenge. One solution is to 'unlock' urban land values - such as by selling public lands to capture the gains in value created by investment in infrastructure projects. Land-based financing techniques are playing an increasingly important role in financing urban infrastructure in developing countries. They complement other capital financing approaches, such as local government borrowing, and can provide price signals that make the urban land market more efficient.
  • Publication
    The Role of Developing Country Firms in Infrastructure : New Data Confirm the Emergence of a New Class of Investors
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-06) Schur, Michael; Klaudy, Stephan von; Pushak, Nataliya; Sanghi, Apurva; Dellacha, Georgina
    Developing country investors have emerged as a major source of investment finance for infrastructure projects with private participation. This update of the article in 2006, shows that, indeed, during 1998-2006 these investors accounted for more of this finance in South Asia and East Asia and Pacific, and for more in transport across developing regions than did investors from developed countries. Even though the policy implications are not yet fully clear for policy makers, this development suggests a need to rethink the criteria used in selecting investors in schemes for private participation, which have been biased toward large international operators.
  • Publication
    Recent Trends in Private Activity in Infrastructure : What the Shift Away from Risk Means for Policy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Mästle, Clemencia Torres de; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    In 2006, private participation in infrastructure continued its recovery for the third consecutive year from the steep downturn of the late 1990s. Activity was more evenly spread across all developing regions. However, it became more concentrated in less risky sub sectors, reflecting a lower appetite for risk among private investors. Greater selectivity has facilitated private sector's renewed interest, but it also raises questions about how governments can best tap private operators' abilities in high-need, high-risk areas such as water and electricity distribution. Recent projects in these areas indicate that the public sector together with the international financial institutions remains the main source of investment funding. As governments create arrangements to attract private participation, they also need to ensure an equitable distribution of benefits among investors, taxpayers, and service users.
  • Publication
    Worldwide Trends in Private Participation in Roads : Growing Activity, Growing Government Support
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Queiroz, Cesar; Izaguirre, Ada Karina
    Private participation in roads revived strongly in developing countries in 2005-06. The activity was concentrated in green field projects and in Asia and Latin America. The main reason for the revival has been the willingness of governments to provide support needed to attract the private sector. Nevertheless, governments need to be aware of the potential risks of such support. And because of the monopolistic features of road projects, they also need to ensure good governance so that the public reaps the full benefits of the private sector's involvement.