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PublicationPPI in Poor Countries : How to Increase Private Participation in Infrastructure Management and Investment(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010-02) Leigland, JamesTo overcome huge shortfalls in access to infrastructure services, poor countries need much higher investment levels and more expertise to build, operate, and maintain infrastructure facilities. The private sector is one source for such resources, and projects involving private participation in infrastructure (PPI) have increasingly been used in developing countries. But PPI investment has been much lower in poor countries than in better-off developing countries-and has been more affected by the global financial crisis. How can PPI projects play a larger role in improving infrastructure service provision in these countries? PublicationPrivate Participation in Transport : Lessons from Recent Experience in Europe and Central Asia(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2009-06) Monsalve, CarolinaFacing fiscal constraints, many governments in Central and Eastern Europe and Southeastern Europe have pursued private finance for transport infrastructure more to move investments off budget than to improve efficiency and services. Results have been mixed and suggest a need to focus more on public-private partnerships (PPPs) that can achieve value for money. Today's economic environment will reduce the potential for PPP projects in the short term. Some PPP projects at an advanced stage of procurement may need additional public support, while ambitious projects may need to be phased to reduce their scale to what the market can absorb. PublicationThe Role of Developing Country Firms in Infrastructure : New Data Confirm the Emergence of a New Class of Investors(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-06) Schur, Michael; Klaudy, Stephan von; Pushak, Nataliya; Sanghi, Apurva; Dellacha, GeorginaDeveloping country investors have emerged as a major source of investment finance for infrastructure projects with private participation. This update of the article in 2006, shows that, indeed, during 1998-2006 these investors accounted for more of this finance in South Asia and East Asia and Pacific, and for more in transport across developing regions than did investors from developed countries. Even though the policy implications are not yet fully clear for policy makers, this development suggests a need to rethink the criteria used in selecting investors in schemes for private participation, which have been biased toward large international operators. PublicationAre Brownfield Concessions Poised for a Comeback? New Signs of Life After a Decade in Decline(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Leigland, JamesOnce expected to be the signature contract of private participation in infrastructure and for a time its fastest growing form, the brown field concession was hit hard by the Asian crisis and has never recovered. Because these contracts involve existing, usually dilapidated government assets, brown field concessions tackled the toughest infrastructure problems in the developing world. But the Asian crisis exposed the fragility of this mechanism, and its sudden unpopularity almost single-handedly crashed the developing world market for private participation in infrastructure. PublicationPrivate Participation in Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia : A Look at Recent Trends(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-08) Vagliasindi, Maria; Izaguirre, Ada KarinaThis note asserts that Eastern Europe and Central Asia is attracting more investment to infrastructure projects with private participation than any other developing region except Latin America. Members of the European Union (EU) and countries seeking membership account for most of the investment. The Russian Federation is emerging as a leader both in attracting private activity and in sponsoring projects in neighboring countries. Telecommunications and energy are the leading sectors. But new regulatory challenges are emerging as a result of exclusivity periods in telecommunications and greater market concentration and vertical reintegration in energy.