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Gridlines share emerging knowledge on public-private partnership and give an overview of a wide selection of projects from various regions of the world. Gridlines are a publication of PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), a multi-donor technical assistance facility. Through technical assistance and knowledge dissemination PPIAF supports the efforts of policy makers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and others in designing and implementing strategies to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure.

Items in this collection

Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
  • Publication
    New Needs for Technical Assistance : Responding to the Effects of the Financial Crisis on Private Participation in Infrastructure
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2009-06) Leigland, James; Russell, Henry
    In developing countries the global financial crisis is leading to serious difficulties for infrastructure projects with private participation. In some cases governments are responding by simplifying their project approval processes or by substituting public for private financing. Even if markets recover quickly, these responses could pose significant risks. Containing those risks and dealing with the effects of the financial crisis calls for specialized technical assistance in assessing contingent liabilities, maintaining existing assets, assisting projects in distress, and maintaining a project pipeline.
  • Publication
    Does the Private Sector Deliver on its Promises? Evidence from a Global Study in Water and Electricity
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-05) Gassner, Katharina; Popov, Alexander; Pushak, Nataliya
    Is private operation better than public when it comes to utilities; a recent global study funded by the World Bank and Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) examines the effect of private sector participation in electricity distribution and water and sanitation services. Using a data set of more than 1,200 utilities in 71 developing and transition economies, the study finds that privately operated utilities convincingly outperform state-run ones in operational performance and labor productivity.
  • Publication
    What it Takes to Lower Regulatory Risk in Infrastructure Industries : An Assessment and Benchmarking of Brazilian Regulators
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-09) Correa, Paulo
    This article points out that regulatory governance-how regulators manage concession contracts, or other public-private contractual arrangements and sector laws-can affect the private sector's perception of regulatory risk and thus the availability of private capital for infrastructure projects. Four key elements of the regulatory governance structure can reduce the risk of regulatory failure: political and financial autonomy, decision-making structures that reduce regulatory discretion, access to effective enforcement and other regulatory tools, and efficient rules of accountability. This note presents an analytical framework based on those four elements and applies it in assessing regulatory governance in Brazil.
  • Publication
    Big Challenges, Small States : Regulatory Options to Overcome Infrastructure Constraints
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-05) Ehrhardt, David; Oliver, Chloë
    Small island economies face special challenges in providing affordable infrastructure services. Effective regulation can help, by encouraging providers to seek innovative solutions better suited for small and remote islands. But conventional regulation may be out of reach for small islands, requiring more money, competence, and independence than they have. Low-discretion rules and light or regional regulatory bodies may be good alternatives.
  • Publication
    Unsolicited infrastructure proposals : how some countries introduce competition and transparency
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-03) Hodges, John T.; Dellacha, Georgina
    This edition of Gridlines discusses how unsolicited proposals may contribute to the overall infrastructure goals of countries, particularly where governments have limited technical and financial capacity to develop projects. It also points out those unsolicited proposals can pose challenges and risks, particularly when projects are negotiated with the original proponent without sufficient transparency or competition. Channeling all unsolicited proposals into a transparent, competitive process that gives other companies a fair chance of winning the tender can reduce the risks while preserving the potential for innovative solutions.
  • Publication
    Is the Public Sector Comparator Right for Developing Countries? Appraising Public-Private Projects in Infrastructure
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-04) Leigland, James
    African officials have shown new interest in infrastructure projects involving private participation. But with so little experience with such projects, these officials often have limited knowledge about how best to assess their value for money. Some experts have suggested that developing countries use the method centering on the public sector comparator. But this method has come under criticism in some industrial countries. The debate about its use in the industrial world raises questions about whether it is appropriate in developing countries. This paper discusses: how the method works; what the problems are; what the U.K. reforms do; and what about developing countries.