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Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017) World Bank GroupDoing Business in Afghanistan 2017 is the first report of the subnational Doing Business series in Afghanistan. It measures business regulations and their enforcement in five provinces. The provinces are compared against each other, and with 189 other economies worldwide. The objective of the study is to gain a broader understanding of the business regulatory environment across Afghanistan as well as to provide good-practice examples and reform recommendations to help guide policy at the national and subnational levels. The study focuses on indicator sets that measure the complexity and cost of regulatory processes affecting four stages in the life of a small to medium-size domestic firm—starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity and registering property. These four indicator sets were selected because they relate to areas of business regulation in which implementation of the common legal and regulatory framework differs across locations—because of differences in local interpretations of the law and in the resources and efficiency of local agencies responsible for administering regulation. While highly centralized line ministries hold the direct formal authority for the delivery of most services in the provinces, cutting across this system are the provincial governors, who have little formal responsibility for service delivery but wield local power and authority. The report also includes a gender dimension, with the indicator sets for starting a business and registering property expanded to account for gender-differentiated practices.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-10-25) World Bank GroupThis economy profile presents the Doing Business indicators for Afghanistan. To allow useful comparison, it also provides data for other selected economies (comparator economies) for each indicator. Doing Business 2017 is the 14th in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business; for 2016 Afghanistan ranks 182. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving insolvency, and labor market regulation. Doing Business 2017 presents the data for the labor market regulation indicators in an annex. The report does not present rankings of economies on labor market regulation indicators or include the topic in the aggregate distance to frontier score or ranking on the ease of doing business. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked, where and why. The data in this report are current as of June 1, 2016 (except for the paying taxes indicators, which cover the period January-December 2015).