This series provides an outlet for work that is relatively focused in its subject matter or geographic coverage and that contributes to the intellectual foundations of development operations and policy formulation. This series has been discontinued.
(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2004) Johanson, Richard K.; Adams, Arvil V.
The review addresses a list of questions
that seem especially pertinent for skills development in
Sub-Saharan Africa today, namely: What should be the role of
training when there is not enough modern sector employment?
Given the widespread decay in public training systems, what
should be the role of the public sector in training? Are
private training providers more cost-effective than public
sector training providers? What is the capacity of private
training providers to fill the gap left by declining public
investment in training? What is the relative importance of
training within enterprises and does the state need to
intervene to stimulate it? In view of shortages of public
financing, how can needed skills development be financed?
What role can financing mechanisms play in improving the
effectiveness and efficiency of training? Answers to these
questions and others developed in each chapter are pursued
by looking over the past decade at the structure of
employment and the demand for skills; the experience of
government and non-government providers of skills training,
including enterprises; and the experience with financing of
TVET and resource management. The findings yield a clear,
strategic role for governments to play in skills development
while deepening sector reforms. The actions, if taken,
promise to support achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals for poverty reduction and Education for All.