These studies, sponsored by the World Bank Institute (WBI), seek to improve the understanding and capacity for reform of policymakers and practitioners in developing countries in the main economic and social areas.
(Washington, DC : World Bank, 2008)
Stapenhurst, Rick; Pelizzo, Riccardo; Olson, David M.; von Trapp, Lisa
Effective legislatures are fundamental
to promoting good governance and are a critical component in
a country's overall governance framework. Although
differences exist across government systems, legislatures,
through their constitutional mandates, fulfill three core
functions: representation, lawmaking, and oversight.
Governance goals of greater accountability, transparency,
and participation are directly related to these three
functions. Legislative oversight in particular seeks to
ensure that the executive and its agencies, or those to whom
authority is delegated, remain responsive and accountable.
This volume looks at oversight as a continuous and ongoing
cycle. Legislatures may examine government policies as they
are being developed or work to ensure that programs are
implemented and administered efficiently, effectively, and
in a manner consistent with legislative intent. In addition,
this book highlights the important opportunities provided
for oversight during the budget cycle. At the same time, the
authors recognize the many factors and incentives
legislators face that may assist or impede them in playing
their oversight role.