The Trade and Development Series seeks to provide objective, accessible information about the new trade agenda. Titles in the series cover a wide range of topics, from regional trade agreements and customs reform to agriculture, intellectual property rights, services, and other key issues currently being discussed in World Trade Organization negotiations. Contributors to the series represent some of the world’s leading thinkers and specialists on international trade issues. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the Trade Group's Advisory Board in the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network.
(Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) Morrison, Andrew R.; Schiff, Maurice; Sjöblom, Mirja
Women now account for nearly half of all
international migration. Theoretical and empirical models
that omit gendered determinants and impacts of migration are
missing key elements of the story. Women's roles in
destination labor markets and in remittance flows-to cite
just two examples-are crucial to understanding the
development impacts of international migration. This volume
surveys the state of our knowledge and provides new research
on the gendered determinants and impacts of migration and
remittances as well as on the patterns of labor market
participation of women migrants. It also sketches a road map
for future research on gender and international migration.
This research on women and international migration
illustrates the type of analytical work that can shape
policies to economically empower women migrants as well as
women left behind by male migration. It is authors'
hope that such analysis will lead to policies that boost
productivity, raise incomes, and improve welfare in both
sending and receiving countries. This volume addresses
several issues. The introductory chapter provides an
overview of the volume; it includes a description of
methodology, data, main results, and conclusions from the
six remaining chapters. The second chapter reviews the
existing research on gender and international migration and
can be considered a starting point for the remaining
chapters. The third chapter focuses on the gendered
determinants of migration and remittances in rural Mexico,
an important sending country. The following two chapters
(chapters 4 and 5) address the impact of migration and
remittances on sending countries and provide analysis of
household- level data from Ghana and Mexico. Chapter 6 turns
to the labor market participation and performance of female
migrants in a major destination country, the United States.
The volume concludes with a forward-looking chapter that
summarizes the major findings, links those to migration
policy, and outlines some of the important research and
policy issues that need to be addressed in the future.