Trade and Development

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The Trade and Development Series seeks to provide objective, accessible information about the new trade agenda. Titles in the series cover a wide range of topics, from regional trade agreements and customs reform to agriculture, intellectual property rights, services, and other key issues currently being discussed in World Trade Organization negotiations. Contributors to the series represent some of the world’s leading thinkers and specialists on international trade issues. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the Trade Group's Advisory Board in the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network.

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    International Trade in Services : New Trends and Opportunities for Developing Countries
    (World Bank, 2010) Cattaneo, Olivier ; Engman, Michael ; Sáez, Sebastián ; Stern, Robert M.
    International trade in services also provides an assessment of how policy makers can further bolster their service industries by leveraging the changes prompted by technological advancements. The book provides policy recommendations that include the reduction of barriers to services trade across all sectors and the promotion of health- and environment-related development policies that should be promoted in parallel with a burgeoning services market. The first recommendation is considered the most important, because it focuses on the need to ensure trade openness, which helps ensure the access to services and promotes the quality of services provision through foreign and domestic competition. Moreover, the issue of temporary movement of labor is another focus of this book, given that it is one of the most important means of service exports for developing countries. This is an issue that is considered technically complex and politically sensitive because of its political and security implications. The book examines mechanisms that have been used by various countries to liberalize the temporary movement of persons and concludes that regardless of the negotiating forum- multilateral, regional, or bilateral-the policy making results on temporary movement of labor are, so far, modest and limited to a small range of categories. However, it proposes alternative ways to move forward that require further analysis by countries and relevant international organizations, including the World Bank.
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    India and the WTO
    (Washington, DC: World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003) Mattoo, Aaditya ; Stern, Robert M. ; Mattoo, Aaditya ; Stern, Robert M.
    India's trade policy establishment is perceived to be somewhat wary of multilateral engagement, even though India is implementing substantial economic, and trade policy reforms. Some essays in this well-researched volume may throw light on this paradox. More important, the essays take a hard look at India's interests, and concerns with respect to international trade. They suggest ways that India could deploy its domestic reform agenda in the Doha Round negotiations, to secure concessions from its trading partners, while using multilateral engagement to reinforce the domestic reform process, and enhance the process' credibility. The book should prove of considerable value to policymakers, market participants, and other stakeholders.